Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
January 2016 Vol. 5(1): pp. 008-013
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Economic analysis and carcasses quality of broiler chickens, fed with Cajanus cajan

Aslam Díaz Castillo1*, Santos Magdalena Herrera Gallo2, Roberto Coello Peralta1, Tito Solis Barros2 and Jose Nolberto Macias Veliz2

 

1 Universidad de Guayaquil, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Avenida Kennedy y Delta, Guayaquil, Guayas, Ecuador.

2 Universidad Técnica de Quevedo (UTEQ), Facultad de Ciencias Pecuarias, Carretera de Quevedo Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, km 1 ½, Quevedo, Los Ríos, Ecuador.

Email: aslamdiazcastillo@hotmail.com

Accepted 15 January, 2016

 

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyze the economic indicators and carcasses quality of broiler chickens that were fed with Cajanus cajan. The work was carried in the beginning (0-4 weeks) and growing-fattening (5-8 weeks) phases, for 56 total day. The animals were divided into three experimental groups (with 6% of flour of roasted seeds of C. cajan in diets) and a control group (with based diet on corn and soybean). Three experimental groups were: I, 120 °C for 12 minutes; II, 130 °C for 15 min; and III, 140 °C for 18 min of roasted seeds. Economic analysis estimated for a farm with 2000 animals (500 animals for group). The direct cost accounted between 38.47-43.21%, the value of production and within the elements of direct cost, the highest relative value it had the feeding (between 55.88-57.93%). Any system had economic losses. The bests economic, financial and investment indicators occurred with first experimental group. Total cost/$ USD produced and cost for animal were low, between 0.40-0.45 and $ 4.45-4.67, respectively. Investment recovery period was low, between 7.80-9.72 months. The best weight meager carcass were obtained in the first experimental group with C. cajan (2684 g), with the animal should be least amount of fat cover. The performance of the cold carcass was lower in that group, but it had the best use to energy and protein, for produce meager carcass. It proved to be possible to replace 6% of corn and soy in the diet of broilers chicken, for flour C. cajan seeds, roasted at 120 ° C for 12 min and obtain favorable economic, financial, investment indicators and production of meager carcasses. 

Keywordscost, performance, Pigeon pea, poultry.

 


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