Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
October 2015 Vol. 4(10): pp. 725-734
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Vulnerability of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies on Agriculture: The Case of Morogoro Municipalities, Tanzania
Msafiri Yusuph Mkonda
Sokoine University of Agriculture Department of Physical Sciences P.O. BOX 3038, Morogoro Tanzania.
Accepted 20 August, 2014
This study on assessed on the impacts of rainfall variability on crops yield in Morogoro municipality. The study was done in five wards, which were randomly selected. These include; Kihonda, Mafiga, Kichangani, Kilakala and Mazimbu. Both primary and secondary data were collected through questionnaire, documentary reviews and field observations. Questionnaire interviews were administered to 150 respondents selected at random from the five wards where 30 respondents were sampled in each ward. Then checklists were administered to 15 Agricultural Extension Officers obtained through purposeful sampling. Analysis of the secondary data of rainfall for the last 30 growing seasons from TMA and crop production statistics for the last 5 growing seasons from the agricultural department were performed using Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Non-numeric data from the field survey were coded, summarized and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. From that analysis, results indicate that the general trend of rainfall variability is slightly declining. Farmers and extension officers perceived these changes by the help of a series of indicators. Nevertheless, perception on the rainfall variability indicators varied depending on the type of livelihood activities which are mostly affected. As a result of that; crop production has been decreasing as well. This can be due to shrinking of the growing season, increased insects and pests all caused by climate change. Eventually this situation leads to low income and food insecurity among the members of the community. Finally, this study concludes that there are some evidences demonstrating the impacts of rainfall variability on crops yield in the study area and pose recommendation strategies to adapt with the impacts.
Keywords: Rainfall variability, Crop Production, Livelihoods.