Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
October 2016 Vol. 5(10): pp. 391-398
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Growth Trend Analysis of Rice Productivity in Nigeria
Adedeji I. A1; Jayeola S. A2 and Owolabi, J.O3
1. Department of Agric-Economics and Extension, College of Agricultural Sciences, Landmark University, Omu – Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria
2. Department of Agric-Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
3. Department of Agric-Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Accepted 07 March, 2016
Rice is an economically important food security crop, cultivated in almost all of Nigeria’s 36 States. Nigeria spends more than 356 billion naira (2.24 billion US dollars) annually on rice import. This study set out to analyses rice total factor productivity in Nigeria ecological zones and the growth trend between 1996 to 2010. Statistical information on domestic and imported quantities of rice was obtained for 15 years (1996 to 2010) from the AGROSTAT system of the statistical division of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Federal Ministry of Agriculture statistical bulletins, Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletins and National Bureau of Statistic.(NBS). The data were analyzed using Malmquist Index, a non-parameter methodology that uses Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methods. The impact of economic reforms on efficiency and productivity was examined. Evidence suggests total factor productivity registered a negative growth during the reform period in the country as a whole and almost all the ecological zones witnessed higher total factor productivity in the post 2000 period. Decomposition of the Malmquist productivity index shows that improvement in technical efficiency rather than technical progress had contributed to the observed acceleration of the growth rate.
Keywords: Nigeria, rice total factor production, growth trend, economic reform, Malmquist Index.
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