Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
October 2018 Vol. 7(10): pp. 323-332
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Impact of crop sequences and tillage systems on soil chemical properties of subtropical dry land
Asma Hassan, Shahzada Sohail Ijaz, Muhmmad Ansar, Muhmmad Rasheed, Zuhair Husnain, Rizwan Shairdil and Lubna Ayub Durani
PMAS-Arid Agriculture University. Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 11 October, 2018
Correct choice of crops and appropriate tillage systems are economically valuable for former depends on sufficient nutrient supply and satisfactory soil and climatic conditions. Therefore, two years field experiment was accomplished in a split-plot design having moldboard plough (MP) (control), tine Cultivator (TC) and minimum tillage (MT) as main treatment, Crops sequence as subplot included were fallow–wheat (Triticum aestivum), (FW, control), mung bean (Vigna radiata)–wheat (MW), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)–wheat (SW), green manure–wheat (GW) and mungbean-chickpea (MC) (Cicer arietinum). In summer in 2010-11 the highest nitrogen (N) concentration was under MT with GW (5.5 mg kg-1), from 2011-12 it was more in GW (6.13 mg kg-1) under MP. In winter from 2011-12 it was highest in MP with MC (8.4 mg kg-1). Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) concentration second year it was highest under MT with MW (7.1 mg kg-1) and with MC (72 mg kg-1), respectively. The highest CEC at the end of winter from 2010-11 under MT in GW (3.67). Second year, in winter the highest CEC was under MT in SW (3.65 cmolc kg-1). Micro nutrients iron (Fe) concentration from 2011-12 in winter was more under MT with GW (34.28 mg kg-1). Copper (Cu) concentration in second year was highest under MT and MP with SW and GW (0.34 mg kg-1). Zinc (Zn) concentration was highest in summer 2011-12 with MC (1.8 mg kg-1). Ultimately, study documented the adaptation of MT with GW and legumes bases cropping system could batter option to improve fertility status in soil of Pothwar Pakistan.
Keywords: Wheat, Mungbean, Crop sequences, Sustainable, Pothwar.
Anderson EL (1988). Tillage and N fertilization effects on maize root growth and root: shoot ratio. Plant and Soil 108: 245-251
Bai J, Gao H, Xiao R, Wang J, Huang C (2012). A review of soil nitrogen mineralization as affected by water and salt in coastal wetlands: issues and methods. Clean Soil air and water. 40: 1099-1105
Ben-Hammouda M, Hedhbi KM, Kammassi M, Gouili H (2007). Direct drilling: An agro-environmental approach to prevent land degradation and sustain production. The Proceedings of the International Workshop on Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Land Management to Improve the Livelihood of People in Dry Areas, pp. 37-48
Borie F, Redel Y, Rubio R, Rouanet JL, Barea JM (2002). Interactions between crop residues application and mycorrhizal developments and some soil–root interface properties and mineral acquisition by plants in an acidic soils. Soil Biology and Fertility 36: 151–160.
Dias T, Dukes A, Antunes PM (2015). Accounting for soil biotic effects on soil health and crop productivity in the design of crop rotations. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 95: 447-454.
Ghuman BS, Sur HS (2001). Tillage and residue management effects on soil properties and yields on rain-fed maize and wheat in a subhumid subtropical climate. Soil and Tillage Research. 58:1-10.
Iqbal SZ, Asi MR, Jinap S (2013). Natural occurrence and variation of aflatoxin contamination in milk and milk products collected during winter and summer seasons. Food Control. 34:714-718.
Kou S (1996). Phosphorus. In: D. L. Sparks. Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. No.5. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 869-919.
Lindsay WL, WA Norvell (1978). Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42: 421-428.
Liu E, Teclemariam SG, Yan C, Yu JG.U, Liu RS, He W, Liu Q (2014). Long-term effects of no-tillage management practice on soil organic carbon and its fractions in the northern China. Geoderma. 213: 379-384.
Marchuk APR, Ann M (2013). Influence of organic matter, clay mineralogy, and pH on the effects of CROSS on soil structure is related to the zeta potential of the dispersed clay. Soil Research 51: 34-40
Martin RI, Munoz GM L, Yunta F, Esteban E, Tenorio JL, Lucena JJ (2007). Tillage and crop rotation effects on barley yield and soil nutrients on a Calciortidic Haploxeralf. Soil and Tillage Research 92: 1-9
Phiri S, Amezquita E, Rao IM, Singh BR (2001). Disc harrowing intensity and its impact on soil properties and plant growth of agro pastoral systems in the Llanos of Colombia. Soil and Tillage Research. 62: 131–143.
Quddus M, Mustafa U (2012). Evaluating global commodity price fluctuation and its implication for Pakistan agriculture. South Asia Ecological Research. Institute, Dhaka.16: 63-84.4
Russell AE, Laird DA, Mallarino AP (2006). Nitrogen fertilization and cropping system impacts on soil quality in Midwestern Mollisols. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 70: 249-255
Ryan J, Garabet S (1994). Soil test standardization in West Asia-North Africa region: Communication of Soil Science. Plant and Animal. 25:1641-1653.
Sen HS (2003). Problem soils in India and their management: prospect and retrospect. Journal of Indian Socity Soil Science. 51:388–408
Shrestha RK, Lal R (2011). Changes in physical and chemical properties of soil after surface mining and reclamation. Geoderma, 161(3): 168-176.
Verzeaux J, Hirel B, Dubois F, Lea PJ, Tétu T (2017). Agricultural practices to improve nitrogen use efficiency through the use of arbuscular mycorrhizae: Basic and agronomic aspects. Plant Science. 264: 48-56.
Xiao TJ, Yang QS, Ran W, Xu GH, Shen QR (2010). Effect of inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on nitrogen and phosphorus utilization in upland rice-mungbean intercropping system. Agricultural. Science China. 9: 528–535.
- Asma Hassan on Google Scholar
- Asma Hassan on Pubmed
- Shahzada Sohail Ijaz Muhmmad Ansar on Google Scholar
- Shahzada Sohail Ijaz Muhmmad Ansar on Pubmed
- Muhmmad Rasheed on Google Scholar
- Muhmmad Rasheed on Pubmed
- Zuhair Husnain on Google Scholar
- Zuhair Husnain on Pubmed
- Rizwan Shairdil on Google Scholar
- Rizwan Shairdil on Pubmed
- Lubna Ayub Durani on Google Scholar
- Lubna Ayub Durani on Pubmed