Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
October 2018 Vol. 7(10): pp. 323-332
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of crop sequences and tillage systems on soil chemical properties of subtropical dry land

Asma Hassan, Shahzada Sohail Ijaz, Muhmmad Ansar, Muhmmad Rasheed, Zuhair Husnain, Rizwan Shairdil and Lubna Ayub Durani

 

PMAS-Arid Agriculture University. Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

*Corresponding Author's Email: asma_hasan83@yahoo.com

Accepted 11 October, 2018

 

Abstract

Correct choice of crops and appropriate tillage systems are economically valuable for former depends on sufficient nutrient supply and satisfactory soil and climatic conditions. Therefore, two years field experiment was accomplished in a split-plot design having moldboard plough (MP) (control), tine Cultivator (TC) and minimum tillage (MT) as main treatment, Crops sequence as subplot included were fallow–wheat (Triticum aestivum), (FW, control), mung bean (Vigna radiata)–wheat (MW), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)–wheat (SW), green manure–wheat (GW) and mungbean-chickpea (MC) (Cicer arietinum). In summer in 2010-11 the highest nitrogen (N) concentration was under MT with GW (5.5 mg kg-1), from 2011-12 it was more in GW (6.13 mg kg-1) under MP. In winter from 2011-12 it was highest in MP with MC (8.4 mg kg-1). Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) concentration second year it was highest under MT with MW (7.1 mg kg-1) and with MC (72 mg kg-1), respectively. The highest CEC at the end of winter from 2010-11 under MT in GW (3.67). Second year, in winter the highest CEC was under MT in SW (3.65 cmolc kg-1). Micro nutrients iron (Fe) concentration from 2011-12 in winter was more under MT with GW (34.28 mg kg-1). Copper (Cu) concentration in second year was highest under MT and MP with SW and GW (0.34 mg kg-1). Zinc (Zn) concentration was highest in summer 2011-12 with MC (1.8 mg kg-1). Ultimately, study documented the adaptation of MT with GW and legumes bases cropping system could batter option to improve fertility status in soil of Pothwar Pakistan.

Keywords: Wheat, Mungbean, Crop sequences, Sustainable, Pothwar. 

 

 

 

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