Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
November 2018 Vol. 7(11): pp. 348-365
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of Level of Phosphorus and Mulching on Growth and Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum L.) 

1Sheikh Maniruzzaman, 2Tahmina Akter, 3Dr. Md. Azizur Rahman, 4Md. Hasibur Rahaman Hera and 5, *Md. Maksudul Haque

 

1Scientific Officer, Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur 1701, Bangladesh

2Post Graduate Student, Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

3Professor, Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

4Scientific Officer, Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur 1701, Bangladesh

5Senior Scientific Officer, Bangladesh Institute of Research and Training on Applied Nutrition (BIRTAN), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

*Corresponding Author's Email: maksudulhq@gmail.com

Accepted 2 November, 2018

 

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the Horticulture Farm of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh to investigate the effect of different levels of phosphorus and mulches on growth, yield attributes and yield of tomato cv. Roma VF. The experiment was laid out in two-factor randomized complete block design with three replications. The highest plant height (56.14 cm), flower cluster number (22.39 per plant), flower number (99.01 per plant), fruit number (31.57 per plant), fruit length (6.95 cm), fruit diameter (4.33 cm), single fruit weight (60.23 g), fruit weight per plant (1.91kg) and fruit yield per hectare (62.39 t/ha) was recorded in plants applied with 120 kg P/ha followed by 80 kg P/ha. In contrast, low field yield treatment (1.19 kg per plant and 49.70 t/ha) were recorded from the control plant where no phosphorus were applied. Among the mulches, the tallest plant height (54.48 cm), the highest number of leaves (50.15), number of flower clusters  per plant (21.71), number of flowers per plant (97.92) and fruits per plant (1.78 kg). The highest yield attributes (fruit length, fruit diameter and single fruit weight) and fruit yield were recorded in water hyacinth mulch followed by rice straw. In conclusion 80 kg P/ha with use of water hyacinth mulch is suitable for maximizing fruit yield of tomato cv. Roma VF.

Keywords: Tomato, Mulching, Phosphorus level and Yield. 

 

 

 

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