Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
October 2019 Vol. 8(10): pp. 300-310
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Soil Management Practices to Improve Irrigation Performance and Eggplant Water Use Efficiency in A Cracked Soil
S. M. Karim* and T.H. Karim**
*Dept. Natural Resource. Fac. Agric. Engin. Sci. University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq
**Dept. Soil and Water Coll. Agric. Engin. Sci. Salahaddin Univ.-Erbil, Kurdistan Region- Iraq
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 19 October, 2019
Vertisols cover extensive areas in the intermountain valleys of Iraq. These soils crack upon soil moisture loss and the formed cracks facilitate rapid transport of surface water into the subsoil via preferential flow. A large volume of water can be saved by practicing proper soil management practices. Sequential experimental were conducted encompassing laboratory, preliminary and field experiments. The field experiments were conducted over a cracked soil at a research farm located in the outskirt of Sulaimani city during the summer seasons of 2017 and 2018. The objectives were to improve the performance of a furrow irrigation and water use efficiency of eggplant under different treatments. The treatments encompassed: control, cultivation, puddling and application of wheat straw. Preliminary tests unveiled that volume of water required to fill the cracks constitutes a major component of the total depth of infiltrated water. The performance of various management practices in term of irrigation efficiencies, fruit yield and water use efficiency of eggplant followed the order of straw>puddling> cultivation control> control. The results also displayed a declining trend in water irrigation efficiencies, fruit yield and water use efficiency of eggplant with increasing length of furrow from 30 m to 70 m.
Keywords: Cracked soils, soil management practices, eggplant, irrigation efficiencies, water use efficiency
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