Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094

December 2013 Special Anniversary Review Issue Vol. 2(12): pp. 299-306

Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

Chromium in Livestock Nutrition: A Review

Amata, I.A.

 

Department of Animal Science Delta State University, Asaba Campus, Delta State Nigeria

Email: drifoalexamata@yahoo.com

Accepted 02 December, 2013

 

Abstract

In the last two decades livestock nutritionists have been dealing not only with how to improve production efficiency, but also how to improve the nutritional profile of livestock and livestock products. Recently there has been considerable research interest in the utilization of chromium in livestock feed. Beneficial effects of chromium in human health are well documented and include a role in the maintenance of normal blood and sugar cholesterol levels. Chromium is a naturally occurring heavy metal commonly found in the trivalent state (Cr3+) and the hexavalent state (Cr4+). The hexavalent state compounds have been implicated in occupational carcinogen among workers in chrome plating, stainless steel and pigment industries. This paper looks at the nutritional benefits of chromium in the diet of livestock. Studies have shown that chromium is involved in glucose metabolism where it plays a vital role in the auto amplification mechanisms of insulin signaling. Chromium has also been shown to improve immune function. Chromium alters immune response by immunostimulatory or immunosuppressive processes as shown by its effects on T and B lymphocytes, macrophages, cytokine production and immune responses that may induce hypersensitivity reactions. Chromium has been shown to have positive effects on egg production, egg quality and egg cholesterol levels in laying hens. Chromium has also been shown to play a key role in lipid, protein and nucleic acid metabolism in livestock. In ruminants, chromium positively affects milk production in cows and has a profound effect on calf growth. In swine, chromium has been shown to have a positive effect on growth and carcass composition. Organic sources of chromium have been found to be highly bioavailable. Generally, chromium supplementation has been shown to alleviate the negative effects of stress by improving the performance and health of livestock leading to better farm profitability.

Keywords: Trivalent chromium, glucose, lipid, protein and nucleic acid metabolism, immune response and immune function, egg production, egg cholesterol levels, milk production, calf growth, carcass composition, stress alleviation.

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Sandra Alicia Reza-Lopez, Blanca Estela Sánchez-Ramírez, Daniela Sarahí Gutiérrez-Torres, Mariela Rodríguez-Salinas, Martha Grisell Ortega-Valerio, Dora Virginia Chávez-Corral and Margarita Levario-Carrillo
Expression of glucose transporters in placenta from macrosomic infants
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. October 2014 Vol: 3(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (129 KB)
Ahmed Ibrahim Hashim, Amal Mubarak Hassan Mubarak, Nosiba Ahmed Hassan Hamed, and Ahmed Bakheet Abd Alla
Isolation of Aerobic Bacteria from Wounds of Diabetic Patients Undergoing Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Khartoum State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. June 2018 Vol: 7(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (188 KB)
Oluwole OO, Tiamiyu AK, Olorungbohunmi TO and Adesehinwa AOK.
Estimates of Milk Production and Correlation with Linear Body Measurements of Piglets from Nigerian Indigenous Pigs (Nip), Exotic and the Crossbred Sows
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2012 Vol: 1(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (105 KB)
Rajech Sharkia, Muhammad Mahajnah, Ahmad Sheikh-Muhammad, Mohammad Khatib and Abdelnaser Zalan
Trends in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among Arabs in Israel: A community health survey
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2018 Vol: 7(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (139 KB)
Ali Taha A Hassan, Hossam El-Din M Omar, Nagwa M Elsawi and Amira M Ahmed
Evaluation of serum cortisol, growth and thyroid hormones and its relation with lipolysis in non-diabetic obese and diabetic obese subjects attending Sohag Governorate, Egypt
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2016 Vol: 5(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (156 KB)
Case Report
Lopez Goerne T, Arevalo A, Ramirez P and Larraza P
Copper nanoparticles as treatment of diabetic foot ulcers: A case report
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. October 2017 Vol: 6(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (960 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Amata on Google Scholar
Amata on Pubmed
IA on Google Scholar
IA on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1783
Printed 552
Downloaded 2384
Powered By iPortal Works