Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
December 2014 Special Anniversary Review 2014 Vol. 3(12): pp. 433-438
Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Bioclimatic Applications and Soil Indicators for Olive Cultivation (South of the Iberian Peninsula)

Ana Cano Ortiz1. Jehad M.H. Ighbareyeh2Eusebio Cano2*

 

1Department of Interra Sustainability, Resources Engineering SL, Plaza de España, Salamanca, Spain.

2Department of Animal Biology, Plant and Ecology, Botany, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain.

*Corresponding Author's Email: ecano@ujaen.es 

Accepted 06 December, 2014

 

Abstract

Scientific advances in bioclimatology have brought a greater understanding of the functioning of plant individuals, populations and communities, and the study and interpretation of bioclimatic indices reveals the close relationship between the values of these indices and crop yields. In cases where insufficient meteorological data are available to allow the various formulas to be applied, thermoclimatic and ombroclimatic bioindicators must be used, some of which have been collected by us in previous works. This paper contains a bioclimatic study of the southern Iberian Peninsula in relation to the main olive varieties grown in these territories. We establish the values of some key indices for cultivation: continentality index (Ic), which determines the annual thermal range and allows us to establish the period of vegetative activity (PAV); the ombrothermic index (Io), which measures the ombrotype in the different sites; and the thermicity and compensated thermicity index, which denote the thermotype in the territory (It/Itc). We also study soil nutrient indicators. All these elements allow a sustainable agricultural ordination aimed at increasing product yield and quality, and minimizing environmental cost.

Keywords: Bioclimatology, bioindicators, olive cultivation, yield, sustainable.

 

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