Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
December 2017 Special Anniversary Review, Vol. 6(12): pp. 409-417
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Dynamics of vascular plant and insect diversity as indicators in Agroecosystems and Agricultural Landscapes

A. D. Solomou1*, A. D. Reegan2, G. Karetsos1, K. Tsagari1 and K. Mantzanas3

 

1Hellenic Agricultural Organization "DEMETER", Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems, Terma Alkmanos, Ilisia, 11528, Athens, Greece.

2Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai-600034, Tamil Nadu, India.

3Laboratory of Rangeland Ecology, Aristotle University Thessaloniki, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece.

*Corresponding Author's Email: alexansolomou@gmail.com

Accepted 06 December, 2017

 

Abstract

Biodiversity is a heritage of an ecosystem and especially refers to the diversity within and among living organisms, gatherings of living organisms, biotic communities and processes. It contributes a wide range of essential services to the sustainable function of all ecosystems. In this review, we summarize literature about the terrestrial biodiversity that dominated by plants and the herbivores (such as insects) that consume them, and they are one of the major conduits of energy flow up to higher trophic levels. The role that biodiversity plays in ecosystem functioning has attracted special attention during the last years due to the disturbance and change of biodiversity. Also, it is important to refer that the knowledge of the relation between plants and ecological factors can be used as an environmental indicator. Several plants are used as indicators of environment and determine the excellent use of land resources for forest, meadow and agricultural crops. Similarly, insects represent major role in influencing various activities of plants like physiological activity and population dynamics and also mediate a link between plants and ecosystem processes. In terrestrial ecosystems, insects involve in various role viz., herbivores, seed dispersers, pollinators, parasites, predators, food for other organisms, honey producer, detritivores or ecosystem engineers. These insects also serve as excellent environmental indicators for the total ecosystem maintenance. Conclusively, plants and insects constitute important parameters of the ecosystems which affect their ecological balance. Hence, it will have to estimate and monitor plant and insect dynamics, in order to effectively protect them.

Keywords: Biodiversity, sustainability, indicator, functions, agroecosystems.


Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Elpawati, Lim Ghee Thean, Mohd Mansor Ismail and Ilmas Abdurofi
Does attending seminars affect technical efficiency of white shrimp (Litopenaeusvannamei) aquaculture?
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2018 Vol: 7(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (277 KB)
Samreen Shehzadi, Zahir Shah and Wisal Mohammad
Soil Carbon Sequestration, Water Use Efficiency and Yield of Maize As Influenced By Organic Amendments in Irrigated Area of North-West Pakistan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2016 Vol: 5(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,496 KB)
Girma Zeleke and Beyene Dobo
The Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated With Plants in Ethiopia and Its Role in Agro-Ecosystem
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2019 Vol: 2(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (234 KB)
I.I. Fragoso-Castro, M. Cornejo-Mazón, O.A. Ramos-Monroy, M .T. Hernández-Botello, P. Rosales-Martínez, M.S. López-Cortez
Berries Harvested in Mexico and its Use to Prepare a Functional Drink Conserved By Ultrasonication
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. February 2019 Vol: 8(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (847 KB)
Jonathan Ogwuche
Access to physical capital as a panacea to urban poverty reduction: A case study of Otukpo urban area of Benue state, Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. September 2012 Vol: 1(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (161 KB)
Review
Muhtarom, Nizaruddin, Joko Siswanto, Ida Sarotul Fitriyah
Brand Wingko Semar Traditional Culinary Exotism From Semarang Made From Pumpkin And Cassava With Educational Nuance Of Shadow Puppet
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2014 Vol: 3(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (611 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

A. D. Solomou on Google Scholar
A. D. Solomou on Pubmed
A. D. Reegan on Google Scholar
A. D. Reegan on Pubmed
G. Karetsos on Google Scholar
G. Karetsos on Pubmed
K. Tsagari on Google Scholar
K. Tsagari on Pubmed
K. Mantzanas on Google Scholar
K. Mantzanas on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 982
Printed 543
Downloaded 462
Powered By iPortal Works