Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
December 2017 Special Anniversary Review, Vol. 6(12): pp. 409-417
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Dynamics of vascular plant and insect diversity as indicators in Agroecosystems and Agricultural Landscapes

A. D. Solomou1*, A. D. Reegan2, G. Karetsos1, K. Tsagari1 and K. Mantzanas3

 

1Hellenic Agricultural Organization "DEMETER", Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems, Terma Alkmanos, Ilisia, 11528, Athens, Greece.

2Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai-600034, Tamil Nadu, India.

3Laboratory of Rangeland Ecology, Aristotle University Thessaloniki, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece.

*Corresponding Author's Email: alexansolomou@gmail.com

Accepted 06 December, 2017

 

Abstract

Biodiversity is a heritage of an ecosystem and especially refers to the diversity within and among living organisms, gatherings of living organisms, biotic communities and processes. It contributes a wide range of essential services to the sustainable function of all ecosystems. In this review, we summarize literature about the terrestrial biodiversity that dominated by plants and the herbivores (such as insects) that consume them, and they are one of the major conduits of energy flow up to higher trophic levels. The role that biodiversity plays in ecosystem functioning has attracted special attention during the last years due to the disturbance and change of biodiversity. Also, it is important to refer that the knowledge of the relation between plants and ecological factors can be used as an environmental indicator. Several plants are used as indicators of environment and determine the excellent use of land resources for forest, meadow and agricultural crops. Similarly, insects represent major role in influencing various activities of plants like physiological activity and population dynamics and also mediate a link between plants and ecosystem processes. In terrestrial ecosystems, insects involve in various role viz., herbivores, seed dispersers, pollinators, parasites, predators, food for other organisms, honey producer, detritivores or ecosystem engineers. These insects also serve as excellent environmental indicators for the total ecosystem maintenance. Conclusively, plants and insects constitute important parameters of the ecosystems which affect their ecological balance. Hence, it will have to estimate and monitor plant and insect dynamics, in order to effectively protect them.

Keywords: Biodiversity, sustainability, indicator, functions, agroecosystems.


Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Fareed Alfaya Asiri, Sobhy Hassan Aly Ewis, Mohamed Samir Ahmed Zaki, Refaat A Eid and Sherieif El-Sayed Abd El-Farrag Ibrahim
Effect of progressive decrease of oxygen tensions on rat articular chondrocytes: a Light and scanning electron microscopy study
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2014 Vol: 3(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,561 KB)
Basma Bashbash F, Roaa Hajrus M, Doaa Wafi F, Mamoun Alqedra A
Basics of Light Transmitting Concrete
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2013 Vol: 2(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,011 KB)
Nadir Hussain Shah, Saqib Mahmood, Muhammad Rashid and Samina Naz
Determinants of supplier selection and evaluation their impact on business key performance indicator of buying companies In the context of telecom companies in Pakistan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2013 Vol: 2(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (217 KB)
Mohsen M Maher, Tarek M Yosef, Wesam A Ibrahim, Maha M Hussein, Manal Mohsen, Ahmed S Khayal, Walaa Hashem, Manal Ghozlan and Emad Abd-Eldayem
Significance of von Willebrand Factor in Compensated and Decompensated Cirrhosis
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. November 2017 Vol: 6(11): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (269 KB)
Nadia Mahmoud Mohamed Al Rouby and Raeesa Abdel Tawab Mohamed
Reversibility of Diabetic Cardiac Changes in Albino Rats by Insulin Glargine Treatment
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2015 Vol: 4(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (2,320 KB)
Segun-Martins IO and Dennis Donald Uba
Volunteerism among Clinicians: the role of Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2018 Vol: 7(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (119 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

A. D. Solomou on Google Scholar
A. D. Solomou on Pubmed
A. D. Reegan on Google Scholar
A. D. Reegan on Pubmed
G. Karetsos on Google Scholar
G. Karetsos on Pubmed
K. Tsagari on Google Scholar
K. Tsagari on Pubmed
K. Mantzanas on Google Scholar
K. Mantzanas on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 628
Printed 130
Downloaded 349
Powered By iPortal Works