Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094

February 2013 Vol. 2(2): pp. 047-058

Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Early growth, biomass allocation and water use efficiency of three species of tropical tree seedlings at four moisture level

Egbe Enow Andrew1*, Forkwa Etienne Yong1, Mokake Ebenye Seraphine2 and Ngane E. Bessem3

 

Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, University of Buea, P.O.BOX 63 Buea, Cameroon.

2. Department of Plant Biology, University of Douala Cameroon P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.

3. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, (IRAD) EKona, Cameroon.

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: egbe1@yahoo.com;

Tel: 237-77671037; FAX: 237 3332 22 72

Accepted 19 February, 2013

 

Abstract

Afforestation or reforestation of degraded water catchment with tree species that have good growth performance and low water-use efficiency is paramount in sustainable water catchment management. This study evaluates the growth performance of three species of tree seedlings (Eucalyptus grandisAlbizia ferrugineaand Erythrina excelsa) treated at four moisture levels (12.5, 25, 50 and 100%) of the soil field capacity for a period of six months.  The species were also assessed for their rate of transpiration, evapotranspiration and water-use efficiency. Results indicates that the species had best morphological growth when treated with 50% soil moisture level and this was not significantly different from seedlings with 100% soil moisture level. The least growth performance was in seedlings treated with 12.5% soil moisture level. Total biomass of Albizia seedlings was best in 50% soil moisture level (51.9g) while 100% was best for Erythrina (54.6g) andEucalyptus (27.7g).  Root/shoot ratios were greater than 1.0 in all the treatments for Albizia while in Eucalyptus it was less than 1.0.  Rate of transpiration varied significantly (P≤ 0.03) with the highest value in Erythrina (0.23gH2O/s/m2) and the least in Eucalyptus (0.11gH2O/s/m2). Rate of evapotranspiration did not differ significantly (P≤ 0.13) for the different tree seedlings. Water-use efficiencies differed significantly (P≤ 0.001) with Albizia requiring the least (1173ml/g) andEucalyptus needing the highest (2388ml/g)amount of water to produce 1g of biomass. Albizia ferruginea is more suitable for aforestation/reforestation of water catchment areas than the other two species. 

Keywords: Growth parameters, Soil moisture levels, Transpiration, Water-use efficiency, Water catchment areas, soil field capacity.

 

 

Related Articles


Review
Kamran Bukhsh Soomro, Hakim Ali Sahito, Javaid Akhtar Rind, Bhugro Mal and Sakhawat Hussain Kaleri
Effect of marginal quality water on Okra Abelmoschus Esculentus l Yield under drip irrigation system
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2012 Vol: 1(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (926 KB)
Original Research Articles
Sabreen Kh. Pibars,HA Mansour and HM Imam
Effect of Organic Manure Fertigation on Sesame Yield Productivity under Drip Irrigation System
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2015 Vol: 4(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (514 KB)
Sumaira Hafeez, Liu Zhangyong, Jin Tao*, Shahid Iqbal Awan, Irshad Ahmad, Toheed Anwar, Rahat Sharif, Ntambo Mbuya Sylvain and Consolatha Chambi
Assessment of Drought Tolerance in Spring Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) At Different Growth Stages under the Rainfed Conditions of Rawalakot Azad Kashmir Pakistan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2016 Vol: 5(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (259 KB)
Amal Ahmed Mohammed Al-Ghamdi
Phenotypic studies on Wheat and Barley after colonization with mycorrhiza symbiosis Fungi
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. September 2016 Vol: 5(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (177 KB)
Hakeem A. Ajeigbe, Folorunso M. Akinseye, Jerome Jonah and Ayuba Kunihya
Sorghum yield and water use under Phosphorus fertilization applications in the Sudan savanna of Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2018 Vol: 7(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (605 KB)
Okonmah L. U
The performance of growth and yield of ten varieties of soybean (Glycine max L meril) in two locations of rainforest zones of Delta State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2012 Vol: 1(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (128 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Egbe Enow Andrew on Google Scholar
Egbe Enow Andrew on Pubmed
Forkwa Etienne Yong on Google Scholar
Forkwa Etienne Yong on Pubmed
Mokake Ebenye Seraphine on Google Scholar
Mokake Ebenye Seraphine on Pubmed
Ngane E. Bessem on Google Scholar
Ngane E. Bessem on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1374
Printed 288
Downloaded 1378
Powered By iPortal Works