Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094

February 2013 Vol. 2(2): pp. 047-058

Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Early growth, biomass allocation and water use efficiency of three species of tropical tree seedlings at four moisture level

Egbe Enow Andrew1*, Forkwa Etienne Yong1, Mokake Ebenye Seraphine2 and Ngane E. Bessem3

 

Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, University of Buea, P.O.BOX 63 Buea, Cameroon.

2. Department of Plant Biology, University of Douala Cameroon P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon.

3. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, (IRAD) EKona, Cameroon.

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: egbe1@yahoo.com;

Tel: 237-77671037; FAX: 237 3332 22 72

Accepted 19 February, 2013

 

Abstract

Afforestation or reforestation of degraded water catchment with tree species that have good growth performance and low water-use efficiency is paramount in sustainable water catchment management. This study evaluates the growth performance of three species of tree seedlings (Eucalyptus grandisAlbizia ferrugineaand Erythrina excelsa) treated at four moisture levels (12.5, 25, 50 and 100%) of the soil field capacity for a period of six months.  The species were also assessed for their rate of transpiration, evapotranspiration and water-use efficiency. Results indicates that the species had best morphological growth when treated with 50% soil moisture level and this was not significantly different from seedlings with 100% soil moisture level. The least growth performance was in seedlings treated with 12.5% soil moisture level. Total biomass of Albizia seedlings was best in 50% soil moisture level (51.9g) while 100% was best for Erythrina (54.6g) andEucalyptus (27.7g).  Root/shoot ratios were greater than 1.0 in all the treatments for Albizia while in Eucalyptus it was less than 1.0.  Rate of transpiration varied significantly (P≤ 0.03) with the highest value in Erythrina (0.23gH2O/s/m2) and the least in Eucalyptus (0.11gH2O/s/m2). Rate of evapotranspiration did not differ significantly (P≤ 0.13) for the different tree seedlings. Water-use efficiencies differed significantly (P≤ 0.001) with Albizia requiring the least (1173ml/g) andEucalyptus needing the highest (2388ml/g)amount of water to produce 1g of biomass. Albizia ferruginea is more suitable for aforestation/reforestation of water catchment areas than the other two species. 

Keywords: Growth parameters, Soil moisture levels, Transpiration, Water-use efficiency, Water catchment areas, soil field capacity.

 

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Oppong FK, Adade K, Opoku Ameyaw K and Johnson V
Growth of theobroma cacao seedlings in the presence of Digitaria Insularis weeds.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (524 KB)
Amal Ahmed Mohammed Al-Ghamdi
Phenotypic studies on Wheat and Barley after colonization with mycorrhiza symbiosis Fungi
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. September 2016 Vol: 5(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (177 KB)
Asmaa A. Mokbel and Asmaa A. Alharbi
Biocontrol Management of Rhizoctonia solani and Meloidogyne javanica infecting Watermelon Plants Using Pseudomonas spp.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. May 2017 Vol: 6(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (169 KB)
Yewendwosen Mamo and Zinabu Wolde
Evaluation of Water Management in Irrigated Sugarcane Production: Case Study of Wondogenet, Snnpr, Ethiopia.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. September 2015 Vol: 4(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (380 KB)
Sabreen Kh. Pibars,HA Mansour and HM Imam
Effect of Organic Manure Fertigation on Sesame Yield Productivity under Drip Irrigation System
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2015 Vol: 4(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (514 KB)
Sumaira Hafeez, Liu Zhangyong, Jin Tao*, Shahid Iqbal Awan, Irshad Ahmad, Toheed Anwar, Rahat Sharif, Ntambo Mbuya Sylvain and Consolatha Chambi
Assessment of Drought Tolerance in Spring Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) At Different Growth Stages under the Rainfed Conditions of Rawalakot Azad Kashmir Pakistan
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2016 Vol: 5(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (259 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Egbe Enow Andrew on Google Scholar
Egbe Enow Andrew on Pubmed
Forkwa Etienne Yong on Google Scholar
Forkwa Etienne Yong on Pubmed
Mokake Ebenye Seraphine on Google Scholar
Mokake Ebenye Seraphine on Pubmed
Ngane E. Bessem on Google Scholar
Ngane E. Bessem on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 695
Printed 199
Downloaded 1024
Powered By iPortal Works