Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
February 2017 Vol. 6(2): pp. 031-038
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Effects of Social Network on Production Output of Maize Farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria

1Balogun*, O. L; 2Yusuf, S.A and 2Oloniniyi, M.T


1. Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, School of Agriculture and Industrial Technology, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo Ogun State, Nigeria

2. Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria


Accepted 11 February, 2017



In developing countries, like Nigeria, the potential for enhanced agricultural productivity is great. However, smallholder farmers who account for vast majority of farmers in Nigeria often have restricted access to productive resources. Social capital has been identified as a veritable factor in giving great opportunities, as regards access to resources. Therefore, the effect of social network on productivity of maize farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria was investigated. Primary data were collected from one hundred and fifty maize farmers using a multistage random sampling procedure. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Total Factor Productivity and ordinary least square (OLS) regression. Results showed that labour contribution and decision making index of farmers are the only significant variables affecting productivity. Results of the two stage least square reveals the exogeneity of social capital.  The existence of bi-directional causality between social capital and maize farmers’ productivity indicated the absence of significant reverse causality and thus confirms the exogeneity of social capital. The study recommends that farmers in the rural areas should be involved in local level institution’s activities as a way of reducing poverty, which consequently will improve agricultural productivity at large. 

Keywords: social capital, productivity, smallholder, maize farmers, Kwara State.


1Balogun*, O. L; 2Yusuf, S.A and 2Oloniniyi, M.T

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