Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
February 2018 Vol. 7(2): pp. 064-070
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Mercury (Hg) concentration and distribution in selected tissues of some fish species from Arvand River, south Iran

Mahnaz Sadat Sadeghi1, Sadegh Peery2, Mehdi Hosseini3


1Department of Marine Biology, Marine Science and Technology Faculty, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science, Khoramshahr Marine Science and Technology University, Iran


Zystab Sanaat of Persian Gulf Institute of Tehran, Iran

*Corresponding Author's Email:


Accepted 20 February, 2018



In this study, mercury (Hg) levels were determined in three fish species from Arvand river, northwest of the Persian Gulf. It was also our intention to evaluate potential risks to human health associated with seafood consumption. Mercury levels varied with sex and species. Accumulation also differed significantly in certain organs. The order of mercury levels in tissues of the fish species was as follows: liver > gill > muscle. There was a direct relationship between mercury levels in tissues fishes with food habits and habitats. The results of this study show that highest levels of mercury were found in the benthic fish (E. diacanthus) followed by bentho- pelagic fish (C. chanos) and pelagic species (S. argus). There was a positive correlation between mercury levels tissues with body size of fishes.  Highest mercury levels were in tissues of female fishes because they are larger and can eat larger food items. The results confirmed that the levels of mercury in fish were strongly affected by habitat and feeding habits. 

Keywords: Accumulation, Mercury, Food habitats, Fish, Arvand River.





Abdolahpur MF, Peery S, Karami O, Hosseini M, Bastami AA, Ghasemi AF (2012). Distribution of Metals in the Tissues of Benthic, Euryglossa orientalis and Cynoglossus arel., and Bentho-Pelagic, Johnius belangerii., Fish from Three Estuaries, Persian Gulf. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 18: 319–324.

Agah H, Leermakers M, Elskens M, Fatemi SMR, Baeyens W (2009). Accumulation of trace metals in the muscle and liver tissues of five fish species from the persian gulf. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 157:499–514.

Al-Hello AA, Al-Obaidy AM (1997). The chemistry of shatt Al-arab water from Qurna to Al-Fao. Marine Mesopotamica 12:190-201.

Al-Saleh I, Shinwari N (2002). Preliminary report on the levels of elements in four fish species from the Arabian Gulf of Saudi Arabia. Chemosphere 48:749-755.

Al-Yousuf MH, El-Shahawi MS, Al-Ghais SM (2000). Trace metals in liver, skin and muscle of Lethrinus lentjan fish species in relation to body length and sex. The Science of the Total Environment 256:87-94.

Athanasopoulos N (1993). Flame methods manual for atomic absorption. GBC Scientific Equipment PTY Ltd, Victoria.

Barbosa AC, de Souza J, Dorea JG, Jardim WF, Fadini PS (2003). Mercury biomagnification in a Tropical Black Water, Rio Negro, Brazil. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol 45: 235–246.

Basset J, Denney RC, Jeffery GH, Mendhan J (1981). Vogel: Analise Inorganica Quantitativa, fourthed. Guanabara S. A, Rio de Janeiro.

Beckvar N, Field J, Salazar S, Hoff R (1996). Contaminants in aquatic habitats at hazardous waste sites: mercury. NOAA, Seattle.

Beltrame MO, Marco SGD (2010). Influences of sex, habitat, and seasonality on heavy-metal concentrations in the burrowing crab (Neohelice granulate) from a coastal lagoon in Argentina. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol, 58,746–756.

Boening DW (2000). Ecological effects, transport, and fate of mercury: A general review. Chemosphere 40:1335-1351.

Bustamante P, Bocher P, Cherel Y, Miramand P, Caurant F (2003). Distribution of trace elements in the tissues of benthic and pelagic fish from the Kerguelen Islands. The Science of the Total Environment 313:25–39.

Caussy D, Gochfeld M, Gurzau E, Neagu C, and Ruedel H (2003). Lessons from case studies of metals: investigating exposure, bioavailability, and risk. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 56: 45–51.

Cheng Z, Liang P, Shao D-D, Wu S-C, Nie X-P, Chen K-C, Li K-B, Wong M-H (2011). Mercury biomagnification in the aquaculture pond ecosystem in the Pearl River Delta. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol 61: 491–499.

Fitzgerald WF, Lamborg CH, Hammerschmidt CR (2007). Marine Biogeochemical Cycling of Mercury. Chem Rev 107: 641–662.

Gewurtz SB, Bhavsar SP, Fletcher R (2011). Influence of fish size and sex on mercury/PCB concentration: importance for fish consumption advisories. Environ Int 37: 425–434.

Houserova P, Kuban V, Spurny P, & Habarta P (2006). Determination of total mercury and mercury species in fish and aquatic ecosystems of Moravian rivers. Veterinarni Medicina 51: 101–110.

Huang WB (2003). Heavy metal concentration in the common benthic fishes caught from the coastal waters of Eastern Taiwan. J Food Drug Anal 11: 324–330.

Kargın F, Donmez A, & Cogun HY (2001). Distribution of Heavy Metals in Different Tissues of the Shrimp Penaeus semiculatus and Metapenaeus monocerus from the Iskenderun Gulf, Turkey: Seasonal Variations. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 66: 102-109.

Kovekovdova LT, Simokon MV (2002). Heavy metals in the tissues of commercially important fish of Amurskii Bay, Sea of Japan. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 28:113-119.

Mieiro CL, Pacheco M, Pereiraa ME, Duartea AC (2009). Mercury distribution in key tissues of fish (Liza aurata) inhabiting a contaminated estuary-implications for human and ecosystem health risk assessment. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 11:1004-1012.

Misztal-Szkudli M, Szefer P, Konieczka P, Namiesnik J (2011). Biomagnification of mercury in trophic relation of Great Cormorant (Phalacrocoraxcarbo) and fish in the Vistula Lagoon, Poland. Environ. Monit. Assess 176: 439–449.

Navarro MC, Perez-Sirvent C, Martınez-Sanchez MJ, Vidal J, Marimon J (2006). Lead, cadmium and arsenic bioavailability in the abandoned mine site of Cabezo Rajao (Murcia, SE Spain). Chemosphere 63:484–489.

Pethybridge H, Cossa D, Butler ECV (2010). Mercury in 16 demersal sharks from southeast Australia: Biotic and abiotic sources of variation and consumer health implications. Marine Environmental Research 69:18-26.

Phillips GR, Lenhart TE, Gregory RW (1980). Relation between trophic position and mercury accumulation among fishes from the Tongue River reservoir. Environ Res 22: 73–80.

Pirrone N, Costa P, Pacyna JM, Ferrara R (2001). Mercury emissions to the atmosphere from natural and anthropogenic sources in the Mediterranean region. Atmos Environ 35: 2997–3006.

Pourang N, Nikouyan A, Dennis JH (2005). Trace element concentrations in fish, surficial sediments and water from northern part of the Persian Gulf. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 109:293-316.

Ratkowsky DA, Dix TG, Wilson KC (1975). Mercury in fish in the Derwent Estuary, Tasmania, and its relation to the position of the fish in the food chain. Austral Journal of Marine Freshwater Research 26:223-231. .

Romeo M, Siau Y, Sidoumou Z, Gnassia-Barelli M (1999). Heavy metal distribution in different fish species from the Mauritania coast. The Science of the Total Environment 232:169-175.

ROPM (1999). Overview on Land-based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine Environment in the ROPME Sea Area. UNEP/GPA Coordination Office & ROPME. 127 pp.

Sen A, Semiz A (2007) Effects of metals and detergents on biotransformation and detoxification enzymes of leaping mullet (Liza saliens). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 68 405–411.

Yi Y, Wang Z, Zhang K, Yu G, Duan X (2008). Sediment pollution and its effect on fish through food chain in the Yangtze River. International Journal of Sediment Research 23:338-347.

Yılmaz AB, Yılmaz L (2007). Influences of sex and seasons on levels of heavy metals in tissues of green tiger shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatusde Hann, 1844). Food Chemistry 101:1664–1669.

Related Articles

Original Research Articles
Akintoye HA and AB Olaniyan
Yield of sweet corn in response to fertilizer sources
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2012 Vol: 1(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (120 KB)
Idowu Eunice Opeyemi
Proximate composition, Energy levels, Fish species, Ero Reservoir.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2020 Vol: 9(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (536 KB)
Ramiro Enrique Cepeda Luna, Gabriel Arturo Pazmiño Solys, Washington Marcelo Gallardo Medina, Juan Enrique Ramos Guevara, Mónica Paulina Espinoza Guano and Luis Leonardo Guerrero Garcés
Cleaner production and the management of effluents in the Ecuadorian craft fisheries sector
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. June 2017 Vol: 6(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (135 KB)
IMPS Ilangamudali, SHS Senarathne and WCP Egodawatta
Evaluation of Coconut Based Gliricidia sepium Agroforestry Systems to Improve the Soil Properties of Intermediate and Dry Zone Coconut Growing Areas
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. February 2014 Vol: 3(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (179 KB)
Rasha Samir Abd EL-Naeem, Hanan EL Sebaie El-Hefnawy, Ola Abd EL NaserAbd EL-Aziz, Dalia Mohamed Ezz EL-Din El-Mikkawy, Azza Abdel Gawad Tantawy and Shereen Mohamed Abd El-Ghany
Assessment of Bone Mineral Density and Functional status in Children with Hemophilic Arthropathy
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2016 Vol: 5(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (120 KB)
Kutama AS, Umar S, Fagwalawa LDTA, Bilkisu, AI and Ahmed, MK.
Detection of fish saprolegniasis in thomas dam and challawa commercial fish pond.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. December 2013 Vol: 2(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (136 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Mahnaz Sadat Sadeghi on Google Scholar
Mahnaz Sadat Sadeghi on Pubmed
Sadegh Peery on Google Scholar
Sadegh Peery on Pubmed
Mehdi Hosseini on Google Scholar
Mehdi Hosseini on Pubmed


Viewed 1531
Printed 207
Downloaded 857
Powered By iPortal Works