Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
February 2019 Vol. 8(2): pp. 050-060
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Maize Hybrids Seed Germination Characters as affected by Seed Storage Periods, Conditions and Materials
Kandil A. A.1, Sharief A.E1,2* and Sayed A.A.,3
1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Egypt
2 Corresponding Author: Prof. Ali Sharief Agronomy Dept., Fac. of Agric., Mansoura University, Egypt, 35516 El-Mansoura, Egypt
3Central Administration for Seed certification (CASC), Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 11 February, 2019
In order to investigate the effect of seed germination parameters during storage. A laboratory experiment designed to study the effects of storage periods, conditions. The objectives of this investigation were aimed to study the influence of storage periods of some maize hybrids under different conditions and materials on seed viability parameters. Three maize hybrids (Giza 176, Giza 168 and Giza 167) was storage at eight different storage periods (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 months) using three different packaging materials (plastic, cloth and paper bags) under two types of storage conditions (refrigerator at 4ºC ± 1 and incubator at 20ºC ± 1) conditions. The study was conducted at Giza Central Seed Testing Laboratory of Central Administration for Seed Certification (CASC), Ministry of Agriculture. Germination characters i.e. final germination percentage, germination rate, index of germination, germination energy and seedling vigor index were estimated. Results showed that the percentage of final germination, germination rate, germination index, energy of germination and seedling vigor index decreased with increased of storage period. The highest averages of studied characters were obtained at the control treatment. After 3 months of storage to the end of storage period, Giza 176 hybrid surpassed other hybrids in all of the studied characters followed by Giza 167 hybrid, which came in the second rank. Stored hybrids were affected due to packaging materials but the effects were more pronounced in the plastic bags as compared to other bags. Storage under refrigerator conditions at 4ºC ± 1 exceeded storage under incubator condition in final germination percentage, germination rate, index of germination, germination energy and seedling vigor index. Results clearly showed that final germination percentage, germination rate, index of germination, germination energy and seedling vigor index insignificantly affected by varies interactions. In general, it could be summarized that for increasing germination characters of maize hybrid Giza 176, during storage, it should be storage under refrigerator conditions (4°C±1) seeds in cloth bags up to 12 months.
Keywords: Maize hybrids, Storage periods, Storage Materials and Storage conditions.
Abdel-Baki AA, Anderson JD (1973).Viability and leaching of sugars from germinating barley. Crops Sci., 10: 31 – 34.
Ajayi SA, Rühl G, Greef JM (2006). Impact of Mechanical Damage to Hybrid Maize Seed from Harvesting and Conditioning. Seed Technology, 28(1): 7 – 21. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23433352?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Belay G, Chibsa T, Keno T, Denbi Y (2017). Effect of Storage Period on Seed Germination of Different Maize Parental Lines. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 7(4): 9 – 14. https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JNSR/article/viewFile/35604/36627
Bhandari G, Ghimire TB, Kaduwal S, Shrestha J, Acharya R (2017). Effects of storage structures and moisture contents on seed quality attributes of quality protein Maize. Journal of Maize Research and Development, 3 (1), 77-85. https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JMRD/article/view/18924
Bojovic B (2010). The Effects of Temperature, Length of Storage and Plant Growth Regulators on Germination of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Triticale Seeds. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 24:2, 1849 – 1853. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2478/V10133-010-0027-1
Dan LG, de Moraes A, de Lucca B, Piccinin GG, de Almeida Dan H, Ricci TT, Scapim CA (2014). Influence of bioregulator on physiological quality of maize seed during storage. Comunicata Scientiae 5(3): 286 – 294. https://libnew.jnu.edu.cn/asset/detail.aspx?id=203122889975
Daniel IO (2007). Longevity of maize (Zea mays L.) seeds during low input storage under ambient conditions of southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 45 (1-2): 42–48. http://jtropag.kau.in/index.php/ojs2/article/viewFile/171/171
El-Abady MI (2014). Viability of Stored Maize Seed Exposed to Different Periods of High Temperature during the Artificial Drying. Research Journal of Seed Science, 7 (3): 75 – 86.
Ellis RA, Roberts EH (1981). The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Sci. and Technol., 9: 373 – 409. https://www.scirp.org/(S(i43dyn45teexjx455qlt3d2q))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=452407
Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1991).Statistical Procedures in Agricultural Research (Ed.), John Wiley and Sons, New York. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNAAR208.pdf
Govender V, Aveling TAS, Kritzinger Q (2008). The effect of traditional storage methods on germination and vigour of maize (Zea mays L.) from northern KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambique. South African Journal of Botany 74: 190 – 196. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254629907003900
ISTA Rules (2018). International Seed Testing Association. ISTA Germination Sec., Chapter 5: pp. 5 – 44. https://scindeks-clanci.ceon.rs/data/pdf/1821-4487/2018/1821-44871801040M.pdf
Kandil AA, Sharief AE, Sheteiwy MS (2013). Seedling Parameters of Soybean Cultivars as Influenced with Seed Storage Periods, Conditions and Materials. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 5(1): 330 – 338. https://bioinfopublication.org/files/articles/5_1_1_IJAS.pdf
Karim MA, Utsunomiya N, Shigenaga S (1992). Effect of sodium chloride on germination and growth of hexaploid triticale at early seedling stage. Japanese J. of Crop Sci., 61: 279 – 284.
Kumar G, Rai PK (2006). Cytogenetical impact of ageing in six inbreds lines of maize (Zea mays L.). The Nucleus. 49(3): 177-181. http://www.sciencepub.net/report/report0512/007_22371report0512_51_55.pdf
Malaker PK, Mian IH, Bhuiyan KA, Akanda AM, Reza MMA (2008). Effect of storage containers and time on seed quality of wheat. Bangladesh J. April. Res. 33(3): 469 – 477.
Mettananda KA, Weerasena SL, Liyanage Y (2001). Effect of Storage Environment, Packing Material and Seed Moisture Content on Storability of Maize (Zea mays L.). Seeds Annals of the Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture 3: 131 – 142.
Mrđa J, Crnobarac J, Dušanić N, Radić V, Miladinović D, Jocić S, Miklič V (2010). Effect of storage period and chemical treatment on sunflower seed germination. HELIA, 33(53):199–206.
Naguib, Nemat Adly, Eman AI, Mohamed, Nadia EL-Aidy A (2011). Effect of Storage Period and Packaging Material on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Seed Viability and Quality. Egypt. J. Agric. Res., 89 (4), 1481 – 1497. http://www.arc.sci.eg/ejar/UploadFiles/Publications/139672%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%AD%D8%AB%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B3%20%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%A7%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%84%20%D8%AD%D9%82%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%87.pdf
Oskouei B, Hervan EM, Hamidi A, Moradi F, Moghadam A (2014). Study on Seed Vigor Deterioration in Hybrid corn (Zea mays), cv. single cross 704. Bull. Env. Pharmacol. Life Sci., 3: 207 – 210. http://www.bepls.com/may_2014/32af.pdf
Rai, P. K., G. Kumar and K. K. Singh, 2011. Influence of packaging material and storage time on seed germination and chromosome biology of inbred line of maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Agricultural Technology,7(6):1765 – 1774. http://www.ijat-aatsea.com/pdf/v7_n6_11_November/27_IJAT_2011_7_6___Prashant%20Kumar%20Rai_FX.pdf
Ruan S, Xue Q, Tylkowsko K (2002). The influence of priming on germination of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds and seedling emergence and in flooded performance soils. Seed Sci. and Technil., 30: 61 – 67. https://www.banglajol.info/index.php/BJAR/article/viewFile/29717/19930
Russell DF (1986). MSTAT-C computer based data analysis software Crop and Soil Science Department, Michigan State University USA. https://msu.edu/~frseed/mstatc.htm
Shabana YM, Ghazy NA, Tolba SA, Fayzalla EA (2015). Effect of Storage Condition and Packaging Material on Incidence of Storage Fungi and Seed Quality of Maize Grains. J. Plant Prot. and Path., Mansoura Univ., 6 (7): 987 – 996. http://srv4.eulc.edu.eg/eulc_v5/Libraries/UploadFiles/DownLoadFile.aspx?RelatedBibID=ZTJkOTViYjMtNTU1Mi00MmEzLThjNGYtYTE5NGFkZTM2OWU1X2l0ZW1zXzEyMzgxNzkxXzM1Mjg4OV9f&filename=987%20-%20996.pdf
Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1980). Statistical Methods. 7th Ed. Iowa State University Press, Iowa, USA. PP. 507. https://www.amazon.com/Statistical-Methods-Seventh-isbn-0813815606/dp/B0012S4NIE
Stefanello R, Muniz MFB, Nunes UR, Dutra CB, Somavilla I (2015). Physiological and Sanitary Qualities of Maize Landrace Seeds Stored under Two conditions. Ciênc. Agrotec., Lavras, 39: 339 – 347. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_issuetoc&pid=1413-705420150004
Strelec I, Popović R, Ivanišić I, Jurković V, Jurković Z, Ugarčić-Hardi Ž, Sabo M (2010). Influence of temperature and relative humidity on grain moisture, germination and vigour of three wheat cultivars during one-year storage. Poljoprivreda 16: (2) 20 – 24. https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?id_clanak_jezik=92826&show=clanak
Tabatabaei SA (2013). The Effects of Storage on Germination Characteristics of Barley seeds. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 4 (12):3337 – 3343. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20143012076
Tabatabaei SA, Naghibalghora SM (2013). The effects of storage on germination characteristics of barley seeds. Intl. Res. J. Appl. Basic. Sci., 6 (5): 750 – 756. http://www.irjabs.com/files_site/paperlist/r_1740_131014122028.pdf
Timóteo TS, Marcos-Filho J (2013). Seed performance of different corn genotypes during storage. J. of Seed Sci., 35(2): 207 – 215. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S2317-15372013000200010
Verma O, Verma RS (2014). Effect of seed coating material and storage containers on germination and seedling vigour of soybean (Glycine max L.). SAARC J. Agri., 12(2): 16 – 24.
Wambugu PW, Mathenge PW, Auma EO, van Rheenen HA (2009). Efficacy of traditional maize (Zea mays L.) seed storage methods in Western Kenya. AJFAND, 9 (4): 1110 – 1127. http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?nd09048Wani AA, Joshi J, Titov A, Tomar DS (2014). Effect of Seed Treatments and Packing Materials on Seed Quality Parameters of Maize (Zea mays L.) during Storage. Indian Journal of Applied Research, 4(4): :102-108. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268510453_Effects_of_packaging_material_and_seed_treatment_on_Weevil_Callosobruchus_maculatus_F_Coleoptera_Bruchidae_infestation_and_quality_of_cowpea_seeds
- K on Google Scholar
- K on Pubmed
- il A. A on Google Scholar
- il A. A on Pubmed
- Sharief A.E on Google Scholar
- Sharief A.E on Pubmed
- Sayed A.A. on Google Scholar
- Sayed A.A. on Pubmed
- on Google Scholar
- on Pubmed