Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
February 2019 Vol. 8(2): pp. 050-060
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Maize Hybrids Seed Germination Characters as affected by Seed Storage Periods, Conditions and Materials

Kandil A. A.1, Sharief A.E1,2* and Sayed A.A.,3

1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Egypt

2 Corresponding Author: Prof. Ali Sharief Agronomy Dept., Fac. of Agric., Mansoura University, Egypt, 35516 El-Mansoura, Egypt

3Central Administration for Seed certification (CASC), Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

*Corresponding Author's Email: shariefali42@gmail.com

Accepted 11 February, 2019

 

Abstract

In order to investigate the effect of seed germination parameters during storage. A laboratory experiment designed to study the effects of storage periods, conditions. The objectives of this investigation were aimed to study the influence of storage periods of some maize hybrids under different conditions and materials on seed viability parameters. Three maize hybrids (Giza 176, Giza 168 and Giza 167) was storage at eight different storage periods (3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 months) using three different packaging materials (plastic, cloth and paper bags) under two types of storage conditions (refrigerator at 4ºC ± 1 and incubator at 20ºC ± 1) conditions. The study was conducted at Giza Central Seed Testing Laboratory of Central Administration for Seed Certification (CASC), Ministry of Agriculture. Germination characters i.e. final germination percentage, germination rate, index of germination, germination energy and seedling vigor index were estimated. Results showed that the percentage of final germination, germination rate, germination index, energy of germination and seedling vigor index decreased with increased of storage period. The highest averages of studied characters were obtained at the control treatment. After 3 months of storage to the end of storage period, Giza 176 hybrid surpassed other hybrids in all of the studied characters followed by Giza 167 hybrid, which came in the second rank. Stored hybrids were affected due to packaging materials but the effects were more pronounced in the plastic bags as compared to other bags. Storage under refrigerator conditions at 4ºC ± 1 exceeded storage under incubator condition in final germination percentage, germination rate, index of germination, germination energy and seedling vigor index. Results clearly showed that final germination percentage, germination rate, index of germination, germination energy and seedling vigor index insignificantly affected by varies interactions. In general, it could be summarized that for increasing germination characters of maize hybrid Giza 176, during storage, it should be storage under refrigerator conditions (4°C±1) seeds in cloth bags up to 12 months.

Keywords: Maize hybrids, Storage periods, Storage Materials and Storage conditions.

 

 

 

 

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