Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
March 2019 Vol. 8(3): pp. 126-137
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of additives on greenhouse gas emissions and nitrogen losses during storage of pig manure in Vietnam

Tran Minh Tien1*, Lars Stoumann Jensen2, Vu Thi Khanh Van3, Vu Duong Quynh4, Myles Oelofse2

1 Soils and Fertilizers Research Institute; Le Van Hien Street, Duc Thang, Bac Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam

2 Plant and Soil Science Lab., Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen (UC-SCIENCE), Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Copenhagen, Denmark;

3 National Institute of Animal Sciences; Thuy Phuong, Bac TuLiem, Hanoi, Vietnam

4 Institute for Agricultural Environment, Me Tri, Nam Tu Liem, Hanoi, Vietnam

.*Corresponding Author's Email: tranminhtien74@yahoo.com

Accepted 20 March, 2019

 

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of three different types of additives to stored pig manure on total nitrogen andammonia (NH3) loss and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Vietnam. The experiment consisted of five treatments (T1) farmer’s practices, continuous manure addition, T2 control, all manure added initially, T3 biochar amendment, T4 superphosphate amendment and T5 microbial inoculants) with three replicates of each treatment. Through the 90-day storageexperiment, no significant increase in temperature occurred in any of the treatments, indicating no active compostingtook place, possibly due to only partial aerobic conditions in the reactors. Cumulative analyses for the individual gasesCO2, CH4 and N2O indicate that GHG emissions resulting from the different treatments were not hugely different.Farmers normal practices generally had higher emissions than other practices, with losses that were significantly highestfor CO2, whilst for CH4 they were just as high as the highest emitting treatment (biochar), and for N2O the emission washighest. Overall N losses were not markedly affected by the treatments, and therefore the effects of additives arerelatively marginal, although it was clear that farmers practice of continuously adding manure without proper coverageor other elimination of loss risk will result in a manure of poorer fertilizing quality. We therefore recommend that moreexperimental work needs to be carried out, where larger volumes of manure are treated and other methods oramendments are tested, in order to find ways to efficiently reduce manure N losses and GHG emissions to theenvironment.

Keywords: Manures, Greenhouse gases, Storage, Additives

 

 

 

 

 

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