Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
March 2019 Vol. 8(3): pp. 109-113
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Microalgae culture for the mosquito pre-adults feeding used as food in the aquaculture

1Moises Esteban Mejia-Mejia, 2* Elsah Arce Uribe, 3Judith García Rodríguez, 2José Figueroa Torres, 3Migdalia Díaz Vargas

1Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, México.

2Laboratorio de Acuicultura, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, México. Tel: +52- 77- 73162354. orcid.org/0000-0002-9815-2525

3Laboratorio de Hidrobiología, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, México.

*Corresponding Author's Email: elsah.arce@uaem.mx

Accepted 05 March, 2019

 

Abstract

Microalgae are used as food in aquaculture because they have essential amino acids, polysaccharides, enzymes, and proteins, being a food that provides great benefits to cultures. Some mosquito pre-adults  (Culex quinquefasciatus) are microalgae consumers and they are used as living food for fish. Mosquito pre-adults support various fish characteristics, for instance they retain the behaviour of hunters, fish develop more intense coloration, and increase their growth. We described the microalgae culture required for live food growth (mosquito pre-adults) in aquaculture, and recognized the amount of carotenoids encapsulate in these organisms that support the colour and immune system of fish consumers. We founded that Chlorella sp. is the most abundant microalgae in living food culture and this specie had a high carotenoid pigment concentration. Additionally, we founded that mosquito pre-adult keeps a high carotenoid pigment concentration (at initial and final culture cycle) which support that this living food is an excellent food to fish production.

Keywords: Microalgae abundance, living food, carotenoids, fertilization.

 

 

 

 

 

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