Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
March 2019 Vol. 8(3): pp. 138-150
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Seed Germination Characters of New and Aging Seed of Some Maize Hybrids as Influenced by Antioxidant and Growth Hormones

Kandil A.A. *, A.E. Sharief** and Marwa S. Ahmed***

*Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Egypt

** Corresponding Author: Prof. Ali Sharief Agronomy Dept., Fac. of Agric., Mansoura University, Egypt,

*** Central Administration for Seed certification (CASC), Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

.*Corresponding Author's Email: shariefali42@gmail.com

Accepted 21 March, 2019

 

Abstract

The influence of antioxidants and growth hormones on seed germination characters of date of seed production 2017and 2016 of some maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids was studded. The objectives was aimed to investigate the response of germination characters to antioxidants (Humic acid at 500 ppm, Ascorbic acid at 100 ppm, Folic acid at 15 mM and Salicylic acid at 100 ppm and H2O2 at 40 ppm) and growth hormones (GA3 concentrations at 0 ppm,25 ppm,50 ppm) produced during 2017 and 2016 seasons. A laboratory experiment was conducted at Giza Central Seed Testing Laboratory of Central Administration for Seed Certification during May and June 2018. Hybrids maize seed of T.W.C 310, T.W.C 323 and T.W.C 324. The result clearly indicated that 2017 season recorded highest final germination percentage %, germination rate (days), and Energy of germination%. On the other hand, of highest final germination percentage, Germination rate (Days), Germination Index G.I. % and Energy of Germination E.G. %   were obtained from T.W.C. 310 cultivar.  It could be concluded that, T.W.C. 310 cultivar surpassed final germination percentage, Germination rate (Days), Germination Index G.I, % and Energy of Germination E.G. %  from T.W.C 324 and T.W.C 323. The results showed that there were significant differences among all studied Antioxidants. humic acid at 500 ppm, Ascorbic acid at 100 ppm, Folic acid at 15 mM and salicylic acid at 100 ppm and H2O2 at 40 ppm significantly the interaction between Date of production, Hybrids, Growth hormone and antioxidants concentrations as affected final germination percentage germination rate (days), germination index, and Energy of germination were non-significantly. In general, it could be concluded that soaking hybrid TWC 310 seed in salicylic acid at 100 ppm and gibberellic acid at 50 ppm for 24 hours for maximizing germination characters of new and old maize seed.

Keywords: Maize hybrids, antioxidants, growth hormones, Germination parameters

 

 

 

 

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