Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2013 Vol. 2(4): pp. 166-122
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Urban Wastewater: A Valuable Resource for Agriculture A Case Study
Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Banasthali University, Rajasthan
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Accepted 19 April, 2013
Farming communities in water-scarce regions increasingly practice the use of urban wastewater in agriculture. Untreated urban wastewater is generally considered unacceptable for direct use because of potential health risks. However, in many parts of the world, poor farmers in peri-urban areas use untreated wastewater. This practice is likely to continue in the foreseeable future due to the high investment cost associated with the installation of treatment facilities. In order to systematically document the advantages and disadvantages of using untreated urban wastewater, a case study was undertaken in Aligarh city of Uttar Pradesh,. The paper focuses on the use and consequences of urban waste water in peri-urban farming around Iglas sewage pumping station located along the Aligarh-Mathura road in Aligarh city. The study is based on primary sources of data which has been collected through indepth investigations conducted in the five peri-urban villages namely, Bhojpura, Hari Narayan ki Sarai, Hajipur Chohata, Kheri Khwaja Buddha and Daurala Nirpal using waste water for irrigation for many years. About 41 farming households and few consumers were also included in the sample study. The results showed that although the farmers and vegetable sellers reported of suffering from many diseases like diarrhoeal diseases, typhoid fever, hookworm, amoebiasis and skin infections but their main concern was the need for water to maintain crop productivity and their income. The consumers were more concerned about getting fresh supply of vegetables.
Keywords: Waste water, farming, peri-urban, villages, farmers, vegetable sellers, consumers, diseases, diarrhoeal diseases, hookworm infections