Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2015 Vol. 4(4): pp. 188-199
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Biochemical and functional properties of Moringa oleifera leaves and their potential as a functional food

Sobhy A. El Sohaimy1*, Gamal M. Hamad1, Sameh E. Mohamed1, Mohamed H. Amar2 and Rashad R. Al-Hindi3 

 

1Food Technology Department, Arid Lands Cultivation Research Institute, City for Scientific Research and Technological Applications, Alexandria, Egypt

2Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

3Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author’s Email: elsohaimys@gmail.com;

Tel: +2034593420; Fax: +2034593423

Accepted 12 March, 2015

 

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Moringa is a tree of a not well-understood plant since it has not been fully studied all over the world. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the chemical as well as functional properties of the Egyptian Moringa oleifera leaves. Such leaves can be used as a functional food ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical applications. RESULTS: The proximate analysis showed that moringa leaves are rich in: fiber, protein, carbohydrate and energy contents (11.23±0.16, 9.38±0.23, 56.33±0.27 g.100g-1 and 332.68±0.06 KCal, respectively). Moringa is a good source for essential amino acids especially Lysine (69.13±0.13mg.100g-1), essential minerals such as Na (289.34±0.35), K (33.63±0.24), Mg (25.64±0.25) Ca (486.23±0.11), P (105.23±0.32) and Fe (9.45±0.16) mg.100g -1 respectively and vitamins (A=13.48±0.51, B1=0.05±0.28, B2= 0.8±0.25, B3= 220±0.42, C= 245.13±0.46 and E= 16.80±0.24 mg.100g respectively).  It is appeared using HPLC that methanol 70% is the most suitable solvent for extraction of phenolic compounds from moringa leaves (. Scavenging activity results confirmed that Moringa leaves extract might be a potent source of natural antioxidants with a high human health benefits. Antimicrobial activity results indicate that Moringa leaves extracts may be used as an antimicrobial agent with reasonable safety margins to inhibit bacterial growth in pharmaceutical and food applications. CONCLUSION: Moringa is considered as a nutrient-rich plant especially in its leaves. Such leaves might be used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers.

Keywords: Moringa oleifera, biochemical analyses, phenolic content, antioxidant, antimicrobial Pathogens.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Teye, G.A., Baffoe, F and Teye, M
Effects of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf powder and dawadawa (Parkia biglobosa), on sensory characteristics and nutritional quality of frankfurter-type sausages – A preliminary study.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (116 KB)
Andy Ramu and Veluchamy Vijayakumar
Antidiabetic activity of 7-methoxycoumarin from the bark of Marine plant Rhizophora mucronata
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. May 2016 Vol: 4(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (613 KB)
Adel S Al-Zubairi, Mohamed A Al-Mamary and Eftekhar Al-Ghasani
The Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oil from Different Aromatic Plants
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. September 2017 Vol: 6(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (168 KB)
Md. Omar Ali, Ashutosh Sarker, A.H.M. Motiur Rahman Talukder, Md. Samsul Alam, Md. Ariful Islam and Jamil Hossain
Adaptation of pea (Pisum sativum L) as relay crop with monsoon rice is a resource conservation technology in medium high to medium low lands of Bangladesh
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2018 Vol: 7(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,922 KB)
Mounira Metoui, Awatef Essid, Amira Bouzoumita and Ali Ferchichi
Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activity in Tunisian date palm seed
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. December 2017 Vol: 6(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,371 KB)
Valéria Baccarin Ianiski, Ligia Beatriz Bento Franz, Juliana Schneider, Matias Nunes Frizzo and Eliane Roseli Winkelmann
Oxidative stress and power in patients post - kidney transplantation: a cross study
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. October 2015 Vol: 4(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (157 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Sobhy A. El Sohaimy on Google Scholar
Sobhy A. El Sohaimy on Pubmed
Gamal M. Hamad on Google Scholar
Gamal M. Hamad on Pubmed
Sameh E. Mohamed on Google Scholar
Sameh E. Mohamed on Pubmed
Mohamed H. Amar on Google Scholar
Mohamed H. Amar on Pubmed
Rashad R. Al-Hindi on Google Scholar
Rashad R. Al-Hindi on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 2054
Printed 376
Downloaded 9851
Powered By iPortal Works