Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2015 Vol. 4(4): pp. 188-199
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Biochemical and functional properties of Moringa oleifera leaves and their potential as a functional food

Sobhy A. El Sohaimy1*, Gamal M. Hamad1, Sameh E. Mohamed1, Mohamed H. Amar2 and Rashad R. Al-Hindi3 

 

1Food Technology Department, Arid Lands Cultivation Research Institute, City for Scientific Research and Technological Applications, Alexandria, Egypt

2Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

3Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author’s Email: elsohaimys@gmail.com;

Tel: +2034593420; Fax: +2034593423

Accepted 12 March, 2015

 

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Moringa is a tree of a not well-understood plant since it has not been fully studied all over the world. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the chemical as well as functional properties of the Egyptian Moringa oleifera leaves. Such leaves can be used as a functional food ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical applications. RESULTS: The proximate analysis showed that moringa leaves are rich in: fiber, protein, carbohydrate and energy contents (11.23±0.16, 9.38±0.23, 56.33±0.27 g.100g-1 and 332.68±0.06 KCal, respectively). Moringa is a good source for essential amino acids especially Lysine (69.13±0.13mg.100g-1), essential minerals such as Na (289.34±0.35), K (33.63±0.24), Mg (25.64±0.25) Ca (486.23±0.11), P (105.23±0.32) and Fe (9.45±0.16) mg.100g -1 respectively and vitamins (A=13.48±0.51, B1=0.05±0.28, B2= 0.8±0.25, B3= 220±0.42, C= 245.13±0.46 and E= 16.80±0.24 mg.100g respectively).  It is appeared using HPLC that methanol 70% is the most suitable solvent for extraction of phenolic compounds from moringa leaves (. Scavenging activity results confirmed that Moringa leaves extract might be a potent source of natural antioxidants with a high human health benefits. Antimicrobial activity results indicate that Moringa leaves extracts may be used as an antimicrobial agent with reasonable safety margins to inhibit bacterial growth in pharmaceutical and food applications. CONCLUSION: Moringa is considered as a nutrient-rich plant especially in its leaves. Such leaves might be used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers.

Keywords: Moringa oleifera, biochemical analyses, phenolic content, antioxidant, antimicrobial Pathogens.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Omotoso, O. T and Osadiaye, A. L.
The regenerative efficacy of aqueous and methanolic extracts of watermelon, Citrullus lanatus seeds on physiological saline and acetaminophen-induced kidney damage in female albino rats
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2018 Vol: 7(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (8,030 KB)
Teye, G.A., Baffoe, F and Teye, M
Effects of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf powder and dawadawa (Parkia biglobosa), on sensory characteristics and nutritional quality of frankfurter-type sausages – A preliminary study.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (116 KB)
Dina El-Kahky, Magdy Attia, Saadia M Easa, Nemat M. Awad and Eman A. Helmy
Biosynthesized of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Aspergillus terreus and their application as antitumor and antimicrobial activity
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2019 Vol: 8(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,543 KB)
Tugbobo OS, Abegunde SM and Idowu KS
Protection by Dialium indium (Fruit) against Pb2+-Induced Microcytic Anemia and Chromosome Aberration in Albino Rats In Vivo
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. October 2018 Vol: 7(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (85 KB)
Iyanda AA
Serum activities of anti-oxidant enzymes and possible involvement of genetic factor in androgenetic alopecia in male Nigerian subjects
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. June 2012 Vol: 1(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (171 KB)
Wafaa El-komy1, Soheir Mahmoud1, Hoda Sabry1, Soheir Mansy2 and Nevine Guirguis1
Changes in parasitic load, phagocytosis and ultra-structural pattern in experimental cryptosporidiosis following combined (Antox and Nitazode) treatment
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2016 Vol: 5(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (3,544 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Sobhy A. El Sohaimy on Google Scholar
Sobhy A. El Sohaimy on Pubmed
Gamal M. Hamad on Google Scholar
Gamal M. Hamad on Pubmed
Sameh E. Mohamed on Google Scholar
Sameh E. Mohamed on Pubmed
Mohamed H. Amar on Google Scholar
Mohamed H. Amar on Pubmed
Rashad R. Al-Hindi on Google Scholar
Rashad R. Al-Hindi on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1813
Printed 359
Downloaded 9595
Powered By iPortal Works