Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2015 Vol. 4(4): pp. 188-199
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Biochemical and functional properties of Moringa oleifera leaves and their potential as a functional food

Sobhy A. El Sohaimy1*, Gamal M. Hamad1, Sameh E. Mohamed1, Mohamed H. Amar2 and Rashad R. Al-Hindi3 

 

1Food Technology Department, Arid Lands Cultivation Research Institute, City for Scientific Research and Technological Applications, Alexandria, Egypt

2Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

3Biology Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author’s Email: elsohaimys@gmail.com;

Tel: +2034593420; Fax: +2034593423

Accepted 12 March, 2015

 

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Moringa is a tree of a not well-understood plant since it has not been fully studied all over the world. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the chemical as well as functional properties of the Egyptian Moringa oleifera leaves. Such leaves can be used as a functional food ingredient in the food and pharmaceutical applications. RESULTS: The proximate analysis showed that moringa leaves are rich in: fiber, protein, carbohydrate and energy contents (11.23±0.16, 9.38±0.23, 56.33±0.27 g.100g-1 and 332.68±0.06 KCal, respectively). Moringa is a good source for essential amino acids especially Lysine (69.13±0.13mg.100g-1), essential minerals such as Na (289.34±0.35), K (33.63±0.24), Mg (25.64±0.25) Ca (486.23±0.11), P (105.23±0.32) and Fe (9.45±0.16) mg.100g -1 respectively and vitamins (A=13.48±0.51, B1=0.05±0.28, B2= 0.8±0.25, B3= 220±0.42, C= 245.13±0.46 and E= 16.80±0.24 mg.100g respectively).  It is appeared using HPLC that methanol 70% is the most suitable solvent for extraction of phenolic compounds from moringa leaves (. Scavenging activity results confirmed that Moringa leaves extract might be a potent source of natural antioxidants with a high human health benefits. Antimicrobial activity results indicate that Moringa leaves extracts may be used as an antimicrobial agent with reasonable safety margins to inhibit bacterial growth in pharmaceutical and food applications. CONCLUSION: Moringa is considered as a nutrient-rich plant especially in its leaves. Such leaves might be used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers.

Keywords: Moringa oleifera, biochemical analyses, phenolic content, antioxidant, antimicrobial Pathogens.

 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Karuna Priyachitra, Kantipudi Teja Sri, Cheeli Ramesh, Srinath Nissankararao and Ramadevi Bhimavarapu
In-vitro osmotic fragility assessment of Trigonella foenum graecum linn. seed extract on sheep erythrocytes
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2015 Vol: 4(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (482 KB)
Wafaa El-komy1, Soheir Mahmoud1, Hoda Sabry1, Soheir Mansy2 and Nevine Guirguis1
Changes in parasitic load, phagocytosis and ultra-structural pattern in experimental cryptosporidiosis following combined (Antox and Nitazode) treatment
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2016 Vol: 5(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (3,544 KB)
Gamil El-Sayed Ibrahima and Azza Ezz Al-Majed
y-Irradiation and Maillard reaction products (MRPs) effect on phenolic content, antiradical and volatile compounds of Sewi dates
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. October 2015 Vol: 4(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (698 KB)
Aisha, S.B, Kutama, A.S, Kabir, S and Paul, AT.
Phytochemical Screening and Antifungal Activity Ofmoringa Oleifera on Some Selected Fungi in Dutse, Jigawa State
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. June 2016 Vol: 5(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (133 KB)
Gede Wira Mahadita, Made Jawi and Ketut Suastika
Purple sweet potato tuber extract lowers mallondialdehyde and improves glycemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2016 Vol: 5(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (224 KB)
Hussein HK, Elnaggar MH and Al-Zahrani NK
Antioxidant role of folic acid against reproductive toxicity of cyhalothrin in male mice
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2012 Vol: 1(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (714 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Sobhy A. El Sohaimy on Google Scholar
Sobhy A. El Sohaimy on Pubmed
Gamal M. Hamad on Google Scholar
Gamal M. Hamad on Pubmed
Sameh E. Mohamed on Google Scholar
Sameh E. Mohamed on Pubmed
Mohamed H. Amar on Google Scholar
Mohamed H. Amar on Pubmed
Rashad R. Al-Hindi on Google Scholar
Rashad R. Al-Hindi on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1455
Printed 302
Downloaded 8869
Powered By iPortal Works