Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2016 Vol. 5(4): pp. 132-140
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of Drought Tolerance in Spring Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) At Different Growth Stages under the Rainfed Conditions of Rawalakot Azad Kashmir Pakistan

Sumaira Hafeez 1,2, Liu Zhangyong 1,2, Jin Tao*1,2, Shahid Iqbal Awan3, Irshad Ahmad4, Toheed Anwar1,2, Rahat Sharif1,2, Ntambo Mbuya Sylvain1,2 and Consolatha Chambi2

 

1Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain Industry

2 Engnieering Research of Ecology and Agricultural Uses of Wetlands (China Ministry of Education), Yangtze   University Jingzhou, Hubei P.R. China

3Department of Plant Breeding & Molecular Genetics, The University of Poonch Rawalakot, Pakistan 4Yangzhou University, College of Agriculture, Jiangsu P.R China

Email: jintao19790512@hotmail.com

Accepted 04 April, 2016

 

Abstract

Twenty wheat genotypes were sown in field conditions to assess the variability for drought tolerance at various growth stages under the rainfed conditions of Rawalakot Azad Kashmir Pakistan. A multivariate approach including correlation, factor, cluster and principle component analysis was used to quantify the amount of variability among the genotypes. Correlation analysis showed that grain yield was positively correlated with plant height. Days to 50% heading showed positive correlation with drought traits like residual transpiration and relative water content. Principle component analysis showed that seven factors contributed 82.66% of the total variability with the Eigen value greater than 1. Cluster analysis grouped 20 genotypes into six clusters. Cluster 1,4 and 5 consist of 3 genotypes, cluster 2 contained 7 while cluster 3 and 6 had 2 genotypes. Cluster 1 genotype showed highest value of grain yield while cluster 4 genotype showed drought tolerant trait like high relative water content. Less residual transpiration was shown in cluster 2 genotype. Cluster 4 and cluster 2 genotypes will be used for further breeding programs.

Keywords: Wheat, Drought, Multivariate Analysis, Morpho-physiological traits, Correlation.


Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Solomon Wisdom GO, Olatunde AA and Matur BM
Some Physicochemical Parameters of Selected Fish Ponds in Gwagwalada and Kuje Area Councils, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (141 KB)
Onu CA, Akinlabi BH, and Fakunmoju SK
Motivation and Job Performance of Non Academic Staff in Private Universities in Nigeria Babcock University as A Case Study
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. February 2014 Vol: 3(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (204 KB)
Johnson Ssekakubo, Freddie Lwanga, Jackson Bwire Mc, George Ndiwalana
How Employee Motivation and Quality Assurance influences Organizational Performance on Palm Oil Projects in Uganda
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2014 Vol: 3(7): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (119 KB)
Ned┼żad Prazina
The impact of air pollution on the prevalence of obstructive lung disease at children
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2015 Vol: 4(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (99 KB)
Kojo Agyapong Afrifah and Kwasi Frimpong-Mensah
Characteristics of Four Timber Species on the Yield of Sliced Veneer
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2014 Vol: 3(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (253 KB)
EO Abolagba, OO Abolagba, KO Omokhafe, E Musa, SC Mesike, S Osazuwa and P Ogwuche
The Performance of Rubber Exports in Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. December 2016 Vol: 5(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (289 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Sumaira Hafeez on Google Scholar
Sumaira Hafeez on Pubmed
Liu Zhangyong on Google Scholar
Liu Zhangyong on Pubmed
Jin Tao* on Google Scholar
Jin Tao* on Pubmed
Shahid Iqbal Awan on Google Scholar
Shahid Iqbal Awan on Pubmed
Irshad Ahmad on Google Scholar
Irshad Ahmad on Pubmed
Toheed Anwar on Google Scholar
Toheed Anwar on Pubmed
Rahat Sharif on Google Scholar
Rahat Sharif on Pubmed
Ntambo Mbuya Sylvain on Google Scholar
Ntambo Mbuya Sylvain on Pubmed
Consolatha Chambi on Google Scholar
Consolatha Chambi on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1722
Printed 276
Downloaded 877
Powered By iPortal Works