Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2018 Vol. 7(4): pp. 110-117
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Milk Production Performance of Red Chittagong Cattle Based on Phenotypic and Genetic Parameters

SMJ Hossain1, MF Afroz1* ,AKFH Bhuiyan2 and  MA Habib3

 

1Biotechnology Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar-1341, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

2Department of Anima Breading and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

3 Foder development project, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar-1341, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

*Corresponding Author's Email: famukta@yahoo.com

Accepted 07 March, 2018

 

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the milk production performances of Red Chittagaong Cattle (RCC) in-situ and ex-situ condition and to estimate the genetic parameters of milk yield traits of RCC.  Data on a total of 237 RCC cows and heifers from five different herds (Anwara, Chandanaish, Potiya, Raojan and Satkania in Chittagong district) and 153 cows and heifers from Nucleus Herd maintained at the Research Farm of Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute (BLRI) covering a period from 2008 to 2011 were used. Data were analyzed by Generalized Linear Model (GLM) to find out the least squares means and least significant differences. Results: The least squares mean of lactation length (LL), lactation milk yield (LMY) and daily milk yield (DMY) were 205.65±1.711 days, 455.53±9.127 kg and 2.20±0.037 kg in in-situ, and 204.79±5.49 days, 702.35±25.53 kg and 3.40±0.75 kg in ex-situ, respectively. Calving parity, herd, year, season and interaction effect of herd-year-season were not significant for LL, but had highly significant effects on LMY and DMY. Genetic parameters were estimated by Residual Maximum Likelihood (REML) procedure using animal model. The heritability of milk yield traits was medium (0.23±0.05 to 0.34±0.06) except for LL which was very low (0.04±0.05). The phenotypic and genetic correlations of LL with LMY and DMY were 0.63±0.06, 0.81±0.13, 0.12±0.06 and 0.99±0.14, respectively. LL had significant and positive phenotypic correlations with LMY (p<0.01) and DMY (p<0.05). The phenotypic and genetic correlations between LMY and DMY were 0.83±0.06 and 0.73±0.12, respectively. LMY had highly significant (p<0.01) and positive phenotypic correlation with DMY. Considering the performance potential of RCC both in in-situ and ex-situ through community farmers’ participatory approaches there may be chance of improvement of genetic potentiality of RCC as indicated by their phenotypic variations and values of genetic parameters.

Keywords: Red Chittagong Cattle, Phenotypic performance, Genetic parameters, Milk yield.

 

 

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