Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2019 Vol. 8(4): pp. 166-174
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Genetic Diversity of Indigenous Chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) Germplasm Collection
Nadiya A. Al-Saady1, Saleem K. Nadaf*1, Ali H. Al-Lawati1 and Saleh A. Al-Hinai2,
1Oman Animal & Plant Genetics Resources Center, The Research Council, PO Box 92, PC 123, Sultan Qaboos University Campus, Sultanate of Oman.
2Directorate General of Agriculture & Livestock Research, Ministry of Agriculture, PO Box 50 PC 121, Al-Seeb, Sultanate of Oman
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 13 April, 2019
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the important pulse crops cultivated for traditional consumption, in all the Arabian Peninsula countries including Oman. This paper highlights features of variation in seed characters found in only 13 accessions collected during the legume crops collecting missions across all the governorates of the Sultanate of Oman undertaken jointly by the staff of College of Agriculture, Sultan Qaboos University and the Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries between 2008 and 2011. The indigenous chickpea accessions were only from three governorates viz. the highest of 7 accessions from interior(Al-Dakhliyah) governorate followed by South Batinah governorate represented by Rustaq (5) and Dhahirah governorate (1). Seed accessions were diverse with respect to all seed characters studied, i.e. seed length (cm) and width (cm), 100-seed weight (g) and seed color. Seed length varied from 0.645 cm to 1.210 cm whereas seed width ranged from 0.505 cm to 1.005 cm. 100-seed weight was found to vary from 12.6 to 67.9 g. Chickpea accessions were classified into five groups with scores from 1 to 5 on the basis of simple (1) to complexity (5) of seed coat color pattern. With respect to seed color, the accessions were grouped into five groups based on simple to complexity of color combinations with scores from 1-5 with varying frequencies / numbers. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) with seed characters divided indigenous chickpea accessions into 4 genetically diverse clusters corresponding to their scatter in four quadrants of the biplot graph. The PCA further revealed almost equal contribution of seed length (33.861 %), seed width (31.437%) and 100-seed weight (34.595%) coupled with the least of seed color (0.108%) to the first principal component (PC1 or factor 1). Of the six-character combinations, only three correlation coefficients viz. between seed length and seed width (0.857**), between seed length and 100-seed weight (0.981**), and between seed width and seed weight (0.884**), were significant (p<0.05).
Keywords: Landraces, indigenous, accession, seed characters, principal components, diversity, chickpea
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