Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2020 Vol. 9(4): pp. 070-076
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Compensation in Translating Phonic and Prosodic Features of Dubbed Animation Songs into Modern Standard Arabic: the Case of Anastasia’s Songs

Gyeong-Il Kim, Muhammad Ammar Dilawar1, Hong-Seok Mun1, Hyeoung Seog Park2, Chul-Ju Yang1,*

 

[1]Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 57922, South Korea

 2EFC Co., Gwangyang 57714, Korea.

*Corresponding Author's Email: yangcj@scnu.ac.kr

Accepted 07 February, 2020

 

Abstract

A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of supplementation of liquid minerals in drinking water on performance, digestibility and immunity of grower pigs. The purpose of the study was to replenish necessary minerals for pig’s growth. A total of 80 pigs (3-way cross) [(Landrace × Yorkshire) × Duroc] weighing an average body weight of 26.35 kg were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments which include a control group and supplementation of 0.02%, 0.1% and 0.2% liquid mineral (LM) in drinking water. Feed intake was significantly increased (p<0.05) in control group both for growing and finishing pigs than other treatments, due to which higher feed cost was associated with the control group. On the other hand, better feed conversion ratio (p<0.05) was seen in 0.2% LM than in control group (1.99 vs 2.45) for growing pigs. However, serum immunoglobulin concentration and digestibility remained unaffected (p>0.05). A non-significant increase in digestibility was seen in 0.2% LM. Furthermore, IgG was lowest in the control group in case of finishing pigs. Similarly, there was no significant difference in IgM and IgA concentration (p>0.05). This indicates that supplementation of liquid mineral showed promising effects on growth performance, immunity, and digestibility in grower pigs.

Keywords:  Liquidmineral, Pigs, Immunity, Digestibility.

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

 

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Adamse P, Fels-Klerx V.der, De Jong J (2017). Cadmium, lead, mercury and arsenic in animal feed and feed materials–trend analysis of monitoring results. Food Addit. Contam. 34: 1298–1311.

Brooks PH, Beal JD, Niven S (2001). Liquid feeding of pigs : potential for reducing environmental impact and for improving productivity and food safety. Recent Adv. Anim. Nutr. Aust. 13: 49–64.

Burkett LJ, Stalder KJ, Powers WJ, Bregendahl K, Pierce JL, Baas TJ, Bailey T, Shafer BL (2009). Effect of inorganic and organic trace mineral supplementation on the performance, carcass characteristics, and fecal mineral excretion of phase-fed, grow-finish swine. Asian-Australasian J. Anim. Sci. 22: 1279–1287.

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Salinas-Chavira J, Montano-gomez MF, Navarrete JD, Raymundo C, Torrentera NG, Zinn RA (2018). Influence of mixing supplements ( dry or liquid ) with monensin or soluble protein on the feeding value of finishing diets for feedlot cattle. Journal Appl. Anim. Research. 46: 734–739.

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Upadhaya SD, Lee BR, Kim IH (2017). Effects of dietary supplementation of chelated water-soluble mineral mixture on growth performance , nutrient digestibility , blood profiles and faecal micro flora in weanling pigs. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 45: 99–103.

Zhang FN, Cho JH, Kim IH (2013). Effects of chelated copper and zinc supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles and fecal noxious gas emission in weanling pigs. J Anim Sci Technol. 55:295–301.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of Liquid Mineral Feeding on Growth Performance, Immunological Profile and Digestibility of Grower and Finisher Pigs. 

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