Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2020 Vol. 9(4): pp. 070-076
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Compensation in Translating Phonic and Prosodic Features of Dubbed Animation Songs into Modern Standard Arabic: the Case of Anastasia’s Songs
Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 57922, South Korea
2EFC Co., Gwangyang 57714, Korea.
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 07 February, 2020
A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of supplementation of liquid minerals in drinking water on performance, digestibility and immunity of grower pigs. The purpose of the study was to replenish necessary minerals for pig’s growth. A total of 80 pigs (3-way cross) [(Landrace × Yorkshire) × Duroc] weighing an average body weight of 26.35 kg were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments which include a control group and supplementation of 0.02%, 0.1% and 0.2% liquid mineral (LM) in drinking water. Feed intake was significantly increased (p<0.05) in control group both for growing and finishing pigs than other treatments, due to which higher feed cost was associated with the control group. On the other hand, better feed conversion ratio (p<0.05) was seen in 0.2% LM than in control group (1.99 vs 2.45) for growing pigs. However, serum immunoglobulin concentration and digestibility remained unaffected (p>0.05). A non-significant increase in digestibility was seen in 0.2% LM. Furthermore, IgG was lowest in the control group in case of finishing pigs. Similarly, there was no significant difference in IgM and IgA concentration (p>0.05). This indicates that supplementation of liquid mineral showed promising effects on growth performance, immunity, and digestibility in grower pigs.
Keywords: Liquidmineral, Pigs, Immunity, Digestibility.
Acda SP, Chae BJ (2002). A Review on the Applications of Organic Trace Minerals in Pig Nutrition. Pakistan J. Nutr. 1: 25–30.
Adamse P, Fels-Klerx V.der, De Jong J (2017). Cadmium, lead, mercury and arsenic in animal feed and feed materials–trend analysis of monitoring results. Food Addit. Contam. 34: 1298–1311.
Brooks PH, Beal JD, Niven S (2001). Liquid feeding of pigs : potential for reducing environmental impact and for improving productivity and food safety. Recent Adv. Anim. Nutr. Aust. 13: 49–64.
Burkett LJ, Stalder KJ, Powers WJ, Bregendahl K, Pierce JL, Baas TJ, Bailey T, Shafer BL (2009). Effect of inorganic and organic trace mineral supplementation on the performance, carcass characteristics, and fecal mineral excretion of phase-fed, grow-finish swine. Asian-Australasian J. Anim. Sci. 22: 1279–1287.
Creech BL, Spears JW, Flowers WL, Hill GM, Lloyd KE, Armstrong TA, Engle TE (2004). Effect of dietary trace mineral concentration and source (inorganic vs. chelated) on performance, mineral status, and fecal mineral excretion in pigs from weaning through finishing. J. Anim. Sci. 82: 2140–2147.
Dȩbski B (2016). Supplementation of pigs diet with zinc and copper as alternative to conventional antimicrobials. Pol. J. Vet. Sci. 19: 917–924.
Fraker PJ (2005). Roles for cell death in zinc deficiency. J. Nutr. 135:359-362.
Lipiński K, Żuk-Gołaszewska K, Purwin C, Stasiewicz M (2011). Effects of magnesium on pork quality. J. Elemntology 325–338.
McGlone J, Pond W (2003). Pig production: Biological principles and applications, Illustrate. ed. Delmar Learning pp 121-125.
National Research Council U.S (2012). Nutrient Requirements of Swine : Eleventh Revised Edition, 11th.
National Research Council U.S (2005). Mineral Tolerance of Animals: Second Revised Edition.
Richards JD, Zhai J, Harrell RJ, Atwell CA, Dibner J (2010). Trace Mineral nutrition in Poultry and Swine. Asian-Aust.J.Anim.Sci. 23:1527-1534.
Salinas-Chavira J, Montano-gomez MF, Navarrete JD, Raymundo C, Torrentera NG, Zinn RA (2018). Influence of mixing supplements ( dry or liquid ) with monensin or soluble protein on the feeding value of finishing diets for feedlot cattle. Journal Appl. Anim. Research. 46: 734–739.
Spears JW(1999). Reevaluation of the metabolic essentiality of the minerals role. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci 12:1002-1008.
Taranu I, Marin DE, Untea A, Janczyk P, Motiu M, Criste RD, Souffrant WB(2012). Effect of dietary natural supplements on immune response and mineral bioavailability in piglets after weaning. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 57: 332–343.
Upadhaya SD, Lee BR, Kim IH (2017). Effects of dietary supplementation of chelated water-soluble mineral mixture on growth performance , nutrient digestibility , blood profiles and faecal micro flora in weanling pigs. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 45: 99–103.
Zhang FN, Cho JH, Kim IH (2013). Effects of chelated copper and zinc supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles and fecal noxious gas emission in weanling pigs. J Anim Sci Technol. 55:295–301.
- Gyeong-Il Kim on Google Scholar
- Gyeong-Il Kim on Pubmed
- Muhammad Ammar Dilawar on Google Scholar
- Muhammad Ammar Dilawar on Pubmed
- Hong-Seok Mun on Google Scholar
- Hong-Seok Mun on Pubmed
- Hyeoung Seog Park on Google Scholar
- Hyeoung Seog Park on Pubmed
- Chul-Ju Yang on Google Scholar
- Chul-Ju Yang on Pubmed
- on Google Scholar
- on Pubmed