Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2020 Vol. 9(4): pp. 077-086
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Performance of Some Rice Varieties under Different Irrigation Regimes
Mehasen, S.A.S.1, Shimaa, A. Badawy2and Emad Hafez
1 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture Moshtohor, Benha University, Egypt
2 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 23 February, 2020
Two field experiments were conducted at the Experimental and Research Center, faculty of agriculture, Benha University, Egypt, during 2016 and 2017 seasons to study the performance of five rice varieties namely: Sakha 104, Sakha 105, Sakha 106, Giza 177 and GZ 7576 (short grain Japonica genotype) under three irrigation regimes i.e., flooding (F), saturation (S), and flooding up to panicle initiation + saturation (F+S), on growth, yield and its components. The most important results obtained showed that, all growth characters as well as yield and its components were significantly affected by the irrigation treatments. The highest values were recorded under flooding irrigation (F) for both seasons, followed by flooding up to panicle initiation + saturation for the rest of season (F+S). On the other hand, number of days to maximum tillering (MT), panicle initiation (PI) and 50% heading (HD) were gradually decreased with saturation irrigation (S) for both seasons and F+S treatments. Rice varieties were significantly affected by all the studied characters.GZ 7576 genotype was the earliest varieties in MT trait, whereas, Sakha 105 variety was the earliest varieties in PI trait, while, Sakha 106 variety was the earliest varieties in HD trait. In contrast, Sakha 104 was the latest variety in MT and PI traits. Sakha 106 significantly surpassed the other 4 varieties in most characters, followed by Sakha 104 with significant difference between them. Effect of the interaction between irrigation regimes and rice varieties showed highly significant for PI, HD, plant height, number of panicles hill-1, number of tillers m-2, number of panicles m-2, number of grains panicle, biological yield fed-1and grain yield fed-1. Generally, (F) irrigation treatment under Sakha 106 or Sakha 104 varieties recorded the highest values for these traits. Significant positive correlation was detected between grain yield fed-1 and each of number. of tillers hill-1, plant height, number of panicles hill-1, number, of grains panicle, panicle length, panicle weight, 1000-grain weight and biological yield fed-1.
Keywords: Rice, Varieties, Irrigation regimes, Growth, Yield and its components.
Abou El-Hassan WH, Kitamura Y, Hasegawa K, Yang SL, Solomon H (2006). Water management using drainage water and its impact on irrigated rice in the Delta Region of Egypt.Eighth International Conference on Dryland Development, 25-28 February, Beijing, China.
AbouKhalifa AA (2001). Response of some rice varieties to nitrogen fertilizer application under different irrigation intervals. Ph.D. Thesis Department of Agronomy & Agricultural Mechanization Faculty of agriculture, Moshtohor, Zagazig University, Banha Branch.
AbouKhalifa AA (2012). Response of some rice varieties to different sowing dates. Proc. 13th international Conf. Agron., Fac. of Agric., Benha Univ., Egypt, 9-10 September,pp:94-102
Abu ST, Malgwi WB (2011). Effects of deficit irrigation regime and interval on chemical properties and paddy rice yield in sudan savanna of nigeria. Journal of Agronomy, 10: 48-55.
Alam MS, Baki MA, Sultana MS, Ali KJ, Islam MS (2012). Effect of variety, spacing and number of seedlings per hill on the yield potentials of Transplant Aman rice. Int. J. Agr. & Agri. R., 2(12): 10–15.
Boopathi NM, Swapnashri G, Kavitha P, Sathish S, Nithya R, Ratnam W, Kumar A (2013). Evaluation and Bulked Segregant Analysis of major yield QTL under water stress into indigenous elite line for low water. Rice Sci., 20: 25–30.
Ebaid RA, El-Refaee IS (2007). Utilization of rice husk as an organic fertilizer to improve productivity and water use efficiency in rice fields. African Crop Sci., Conf, Proc, El-Minia, Egypt, 8:1923-1928
El-Bably AZ, Allah AAA, Meleha MI (2007). Influence of field submergence depths on rice productivity in North Delta, Egypt. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research, 52(2): 29-35.
El-Kalla SE, El-Said AM, Abd El- Rahman AAM, Kishk AMS (2006). Response of rice cultivars to irrigation intervals and some organic fertilizer treatments in newly reclaimed soils. Agric. Sci., Mansoura Univ., 31(9): 5547-5555.
Hansen VE, Israelsen OW, Stringham GE (1980). Irrigation principles and practices.4th ed. John Willey & Sons Inc. USA.Hare.
Haque MM, Pervin E (2015). Interaction effect of different doses of guti urea hill-1 on yield and yield contributing characters of rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.).Inter. J. of Agric., Forestry and Fisheries, 3(2):37-43.
Islam MS, Sarkar MAR, Alam MJ, Kashem MA, Rafii MY, Latif MA (2014). Effect of number of seedling hill-1 on the growth and yield of aromatic fine rice varieties in rain fed condition.Life Sci. J., 11(8):109-115.
Juraimi AS, Najib MYM, Begum M, Anuar AR, Azmi M, Puteh A (2009). Critical period of weed competition in direct seeded rice under saturated and flood condition. Pertanika J. Trop Agri. Sci. 32(2):305-316.
Juraimi AS, Saiful AHM, Uddin MK, Anuar AR, Azmi M (2011). Diversity of weed communities under different water regimes in bertam irrigated direct seeded rice field. Aust. J. Crop Sci., 5(5):595-604.
Khawshi DG, Zode NG, Borkar SL, Dongarwar UR (2003). Response of scented varieties of paddy (Oryza sativa L) to spacing in Eastern Vidarbha Zone of Maharashtra. Annals of Plant Physiology, 17(1): 81-83.
Mobasser HR, Delarestaghi MM, Khorgami A, Tari BD, Pourkalhor H (2007). Effect of planting density on agronomical characteristics of rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties in North of Iran. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 10(18):3205–3209.
Mondal MMA, Puteh AB (2013). Optimizing plant spacing for modern rice varieties. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 15: 175-178.
Okasha EM, Abdou MAA, El-Ganayni AA, EL-Khoby WM (2009a). Influence of irrigation intervals, some cultivars and plant spacing on growth, yield and its components in rice part (1)Vegetative growth.Res. J. Agric. & Biol. Sci., 5(4): 506-514.
Okasha EM, Abdou MAA, El-Ganayni AA, EL-Khoby WM (2009b). Influence of irrigation intervals, some cultivars and plant spacing on growth, yield and its components in rice part (2) yield and yield components. Res. J. Agric. & Biol. Sci., 5(5): 828-839.
Raumjit N, Wichitparp T (2014). Effect of drought condition on growth, yield and grain quality of upland rice. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 9 (3): 439-444.
Russell DF (1986). MSTAT-C. Computer based data analysis software crop and soil Sci, Dept., Michigan, State Univ., USA.
Sabar M, Arif M (2014). Phenotypic response of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes to variable moisture stress regimes. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 16: 32–40.
Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1980). Statistical Methods, 7th Ed., Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.
Steel RGD, Torrie JH (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics, second ed. McGraw Hill, New York
- Mehasen on Google Scholar
- Mehasen on Pubmed
- S.A.S on Google Scholar
- S.A.S on Pubmed
- Shimaa on Google Scholar
- Shimaa on Pubmed
- A. Badawy on Google Scholar
- A. Badawy on Pubmed
- Emad Hafez on Google Scholar
- Emad Hafez on Pubmed