Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
April 2020 Vol. 9(4): pp. 077-086
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Performance of Some Rice Varieties under Different Irrigation Regimes
Mehasen, S.A.S.1, Shimaa, A. Badawy2and Emad Hafez
1 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture Moshtohor, Benha University, Egypt
2 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt
*Corresponding Author's Email: email@example.com
Accepted 23 February, 2020
Two field experiments were conducted at the Experimental and Research Center, faculty of agriculture, Benha University, Egypt, during 2016 and 2017 seasons to study the performance of five rice varieties namely: Sakha 104, Sakha 105, Sakha 106, Giza 177 and GZ 7576 (short grain Japonica genotype) under three irrigation regimes i.e., flooding (F), saturation (S), and flooding up to panicle initiation + saturation (F+S), on growth, yield and its components. The most important results obtained showed that, all growth characters as well as yield and its components were significantly affected by the irrigation treatments. The highest values were recorded under flooding irrigation (F) for both seasons, followed by flooding up to panicle initiation + saturation for the rest of season (F+S). On the other hand, number of days to maximum tillering (MT), panicle initiation (PI) and 50% heading (HD) were gradually decreased with saturation irrigation (S) for both seasons and F+S treatments. Rice varieties were significantly affected by all the studied characters.GZ 7576 genotype was the earliest varieties in MT trait, whereas, Sakha 105 variety was the earliest varieties in PI trait, while, Sakha 106 variety was the earliest varieties in HD trait. In contrast, Sakha 104 was the latest variety in MT and PI traits. Sakha 106 significantly surpassed the other 4 varieties in most characters, followed by Sakha 104 with significant difference between them. Effect of the interaction between irrigation regimes and rice varieties showed highly significant for PI, HD, plant height, number of panicles hill-1, number of tillers m-2, number of panicles m-2, number of grains panicle, biological yield fed-1and grain yield fed-1. Generally, (F) irrigation treatment under Sakha 106 or Sakha 104 varieties recorded the highest values for these traits. Significant positive correlation was detected between grain yield fed-1 and each of number. of tillers hill-1, plant height, number of panicles hill-1, number, of grains panicle, panicle length, panicle weight, 1000-grain weight and biological yield fed-1.
Keywords: Rice, Varieties, Irrigation regimes, Growth, Yield and its components.
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