Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094

May 2013 Vol. 2(5): pp. 137-141

Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Comparative Proximate and Mineral Composition of Moringa oleifera Leaf and Seed

P.M. Aja, U. A. Ibiam,  A. J. Uraku, O.U. Orji, C.E. Offor and B.U. Nwali.

 

Department of Biochemistry Ebonyi State University, P.M.B. 053, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author’s E-mail: Ovumte@yahoo.com

Accepted 10 May, 2013

 

Abstract

Rising fossil fuel burning and land use changes have emitted, and are continuing to emit, increasing quantities of greenhouse gases into the Earth’s atmosphere. These greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrogen dioxide (N2O), and a rise in these gases has caused a rise in the amount of heat from the sun withheld in the Earth’s atmosphere, heat that would normally be radiated back into space. This increase in heat has led to the greenhouse effect, resulting in climate change. Climate change will have wide-ranging effects on the environment, and on socio-economic and related sectors, including water resources, agriculture and food security, human health, terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity and coastal zones. Changes in rainfall pattern are likely to lead to severe water shortages and/or flooding. Melting of glaciers can cause flooding and soil erosion. Rising temperatures will cause shifts in crop growing seasons which affects food security and changes in the distribution of disease vectors putting more people at risk from diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. Temperature increases will potentially severely increase rates of extinction for many habitats and species (up to 30 per cent with a 2° C rise in temperature).

Keywords: Earth’s atmosphere, Ecosystems, Greenhouse gases, soil erosion.

 

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