Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094

May 2014 Vol. 3(5): pp. 128-135

Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Analysis of antioxidant activity of different species of wild cherry (Prunus avium L.)

Boško Petković (1), Snježana Matoš (2), Nebojša Gorgi (3), Zoran Kukrić (4)

 

*University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Technology, Banja Luka

*Corresponding Author's Email: zoran.kukric@gmail.com

Accepted 12 May, 2014

 

Abstract

The results of determination of antioxidant capacity of methanolic extract of wild cherry (Prunus avium L.), cultivars B and R, are presented in this paper. Content of total phenols determined with modified Folin-Ciocalteu method is 107.56 ± 5.09 mg GAE/g of dry extract for R cultivar and 139.78 ± 3.85 mg GAE/g of dry extract for B cultivar. Content of flavones determined with method to respect to Kumaran and Karunakaran is 22.09 ± 0.2 mg Q/g of dry extract for R cultivar and 9.50 ± .073 mg Q/g of dry extract for B cultivar. Content of flavonoids determined with method to respect to Ordoñez is 51.36 ± 1.18 mg Q/g of dry extract for cultivar R and 48.55 ± 0.31 mg Q/g of dry extract for cultivar B. Total and monomerous anthocyanins content  is 13.66 mg/g of fresh sample for cultivar B and 0.5276 mg/g of fresh sample for cultivar R. The results of antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of wild cherry obtained using DPPH, FRAP and ABTS methods show that the significantly larger antioxidant activity of cultivar B compared to cultivar R is probably a consequence of larger content of anthocyanins in cultivar B.

Keywords: wild cherry, Prunus avium L., total phenols, phlavons, phlavonoids, anthocyanin, antioxidant activity.

 

 

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