Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
May 2018 Vol. 7(5): pp. 145-150
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Systematic Review

Subsidies to the agricultural sector for the search for food sovereignty. A funding option for a strategic sector of the national economy. Case: Mexico

Fernando Romero Torres1, Augusto Renato Pérez Mayo2 and Humberto García Jiménez3

 

1,3Research  professor of the Faculty of accounting, business  administration and informatics at the Autonomous  University of Morelos State, UAEM,  Mexico.

2Department of Studies of the  organizations and Sociology of Organizations Faculty of Accounting, Management, and Informatics, The Autonomous University of the State of Morelos (Cuernavaca, Mexico).

*Corresponding Author's Email: renatomayo@hotmail.com

Accepted 24 April, 2018

 

Abstract

The Mexican agricultural area faces serious problems and challenges, many voices demand more subsidies and government support.   Tacit and common sense presupposes that the increase of subsidies to the countryside is an essential condition to increase agricultural production and the well-being of Mexicans. Precisely because of this, the agricultural sector represents the beginning of the generation of a series of goods and services that are transformed to meet the requirements of the food and pharmaceutical sector, which are strategic for society, since there are other products of economic importance such as are the ornamental plants and those from the forest area, wood products with high economic value.  Methodology In the review of the state of the art on the subject, a documentary research was carried out, the revision of official databases, as well as interviews with the interested parties, where the main subsidy programs that integrate the offer of the same were analyzed. towards the agricultural sector, finding that their similarities can be integrated into different strata that make up a specialized offer for the type of producer, considering their level of income, volume of production, transformation and sales and integration of the economic links of the activity. Results Of the series of subsidies that make up the offer presented by the Mexican government, in its municipal, state and federal areas, of subsidies that guarantee that the capital that arrives in this way is maintained in the agricultural sector and affects its reproduction, in order to capitalize and take the companies to the field.

Keywords: agricultural sector, food sovereignty.

 

 

REFERENCES

 

Evaluation project Alianza Contigo (2004). Integration of agrifood chains FAO 2004 pp63 - 68

SIAP Atlas Agroalimentario (2015). SAGARPA, México

Bulletin (2009). The Economic Organizations of the Rural Sector. Principles and legal bases SAGARPA. Sub secretariat of Rural Development 2009

Bulletin (2009). The Economic Organizations of the Rural Sector. Principles and legal bases SAGARPA. Sub secretariat of Rural Development 2009

Evaluation project Alianzacontigo (2004). Integration of agrifood chains FAO 2004 pp63 - 68

Zúñiga YS, González-Estrada A (2003). Fiscal policy and the agricultural sector of Mexico. Autonomous University Chapingo, Division of Economic-Administrative Sciences, Chapingo, State of Mexico, Mexico. 20 p.  

Monke Z, Pearson S (1989). The policy analysis matrix for agricultural development. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 420 P.

Laukkanen M, Nauges C (2014). Evaluation Greening Farm Policies. A structural model for assessing Agri-environmental subsidies, Land Economics August 2014, 90 (3); 458 - 481

Evaluation project alianza contigo (2004). Integration of agrifood chains FAO 2004 pp63 - 68

Miguel GW, Hernando R, Iciar P, Daniel R, Frank L, Joaquín A, Danilo H (2009). Agri-food chains: an instrument to strengthen the institutional framework of the agricultural and rural sector. Year, May 5 - August 2009 COMMUNICATE

Specific Agreement (2015). - Legal instrument signed by the Federal Government through SAGARPA, where the participation of the Governments of the States and the Federal District and / or the Executing Agency can be included, in which the assignment is established of the agreed economic incentives, the commitments and responsibilities of the parties, as well as their goals and programmatic amounts, operation and evaluation expenses, for the application of the Agrifood Health and Safety Program. SAGARPA 2015

To this end, the following programs were taken as a reference (2016). Fund for the support of productive projects in agrarian centers and Support for the Productivity of the entrepreneur woman. Rules of operation (2016) component FAPPA and PROMETE, SAGARPA, Mexico

Of the Program of Promotion to the Agriculture, Integral Program of Rural Development, Program of Livestock Development, Program of Promotion to the Fishing and Aquaculture Productivity, Program of Health and Agroalimentary Safety, Program Fund for the Support to Productive Projects in Agrarian Nuclei , Support Program for the Productivity of Women Entrepreneurs. 2015

In this sense, the Agricultural Product System (SISPROA) (2016). was taken as a reference, which aims to integrate producers, traders, suppliers, industrialists and, in general, all those that make up the economic chain based on a product or system of products that allow specialization and the use of the advantages of economies of scale preparing these producers to form companies in the sector.

As a support to this segment, the components operated by the Shared Risk Trust (FIRCO) were analyzed: Agro-food Productivity, Generation and energy saving in the agricultural sector, South-East production development and Incentives for production without Financing.

The components of the Capitalization and Investment Fund of the rural sector, of the Ministry of Economy 2015, Impulse to Agroparks and productivity (high impact) where amounts for different parts of the business are established from the project were analyzed, the acquisition of infrastructure, rural transformation centers and agro industries.

For this, the principles for the constitution of risk capital through type funds were analyzed: Fund for the Development of Agribusiness where subsidy and private capital are included, constituted as an Investment Promotion Company (SAPI) and that can be a Non-Banking Financial Intermediary type SOFOL, SOFOM, SOFIPO, Warehouses, Unions, Cooperatives, financial leasing and factoring companies

 

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