Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
June 2017 Vol. 6(6): pp. 160-169
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Effect of grafting on tomato development and productivity in greenhouse conditions
a Faculty of Agriculture, Idleb University, Syria
b Research work carried out at Laboratoire de Biologie et PathologieVégétales(LBPV), Nantes, France.
Accepted 24 June, 2017
The effect of grafting on tomato development and productivity was studied in greenhouse conditions in Laboratory of Vegetable Biology and Pathology. Durinta and Petula varieties used as scions and grafted, by tube grafting method, on Eldorado, Maxifort and Integro, which used as rootstocks. Controls non-grafted were used in parallel. Four months after the culture, vegetative and productive parameters were measured on each cultivated tomato plant. Thus, the total number of leaves, floral bouquets, fruit bunches and fruits were determined. Moreover, the fresh and dry biomass of the fruits and the vegetative parts (g plant-1) were measured. A positive effect on vegetative development and a positive effect on productivity were observed when "Durinta" and "Petula" were grafted successively. The Eldorado rootstock gave the better results with the two scions. Grafting is therefore considered an important technique for tomato production when the choice of rootstock and scion is perfectly precise.
Keywords: Grafting, Tomato, Development, Productivity, Greenhouse