Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
June 2018 Vol. 7(6): pp. 183-190
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Mercury bioaccumulation in sediment and root of mangrove forest, Avicennia marina from Emam Khomein Port, north part of the Persian Gulf
Sadegh Peery1 Abdolmajid Doraghi1 Mohammad Taghi Ronagh1 and Alireza Safahieh1
1Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Science, Khoramshahr Marine Science and Technology University, Iran
*Corresponding Author's Email: email@example.com
Accepted 20 May, 2018
In this study, the mercury distribution in sediment and bioaccumulation in root of mangrove forest, Avicennia marina from Emam Khomeini Port, located in Khuzestan province south Iran and head of the Persian Gulf were studied. For this analyses, sediment and mangrove samples were collected from four sampling sites including Petrochemical, Majideih, Jafari and Majideih were. After preparation, the concentration of every metal was measured using the ICP-AES. The mean concentration of mercury in different sampling sites in summer were 1.69 ± 1.45 µg/g in site 1, 0.86 ± 0.05 µg/g in site 2, 0.60 ± 1.23 µg/g in site 3 and 0.16 ± 2.19 µg/g in sites 4, and also in winter were 2.34 ± 0.49 µg/g in site 1.10 ± 5.27 µg/g in site 2, 0.66 ± 0.25 µg/g in site 3 and 0.17 ± 131 µg/g in sites 4, respectively. The mean concentration of mercury in root of mangrove forest, A. marina in summer season were 3.26 ± 3.16 in site 1, 1.49 ± 0.75 in site 2, 0.87 ± 2.61 in site 3 and 0.65 ± 4.05, and also in winter were 4.13 ± 4.35 in site 1, 1.93 ± 2.31 in site 2, 0.94 ± 1.56 in site 3 and 0.67 ± 0.24 in site 4. There was significant differences in mercury value in sediments and root of A. marina between diffident sampling sites and seasons (P<0.05), and mercury value in all sampling sites were as Petrochemical > Majideih > Jafari > Bardestan. Also, there was significant differences between diffident seasons (P<0.05) and higher mercury was absorbing in winter. The results showed that A. marina is one a plant that can be absorbing mercury from around sediments and transportation to other tissues, therefore, could be removal mercury from aquatic ecosystem in Emam Khomeini Port, north part of the Persian Gulf. In general, phytoremediation is a new and best technology for removal of metal from aquatic ecosystems, and A. marina is important species in different coasts of the Persian Gulf, therefore, this species can using for removal and purgation of mercury from different coasts of Persian Gulf.
Keywords: Mercury, Bioaccumulation, Mangrove Forest, Avicennia marina, Emam Khomein Port.
Al Anouti (2014). Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals within Mangrove Ecosystems. Journal of Biodiversity & Endangered Species, DOI: 10.4172/2332-2543.1000e113.
Al Hagibi HA, Nagi HM, Al-Selwi KM, Al-Shwafi NA (2018). Assessment of Heavy Metals Concentration in Mangroves Leaves of the Red Sea Coast of Yemen. Journal of Ecology & Natural Resources, 2(1): 120.
Almahasheer HB, Al-Taisan WA, Mohamed MK (2014). Metals Accumulation in Grey Mangrove (Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.) Inhabiting Tarut Bay, Eastern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Agricultural Science, 6: 137-149.
Chih-Yu C, Chang-Hung C (1991). The distribution and influence of heavy metals in mangrove forests of the Tamshui Estuary in Taiwan, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 37:4, 659-669, DOI: 10.1080/00380768.1991.10416934.
Cyril Marchand, Elisabeth Lallier-Vergès F, Baltzer, Patrick Albéric, Daniel C (2006). Heavy metals distribution in mangrove sediments along the mobile coastline of French Guiana. Marine Chemistry, Elsevier, 98(1): pp.1-17.
Debargha C, Subhajit B, Jayjit M, Santra SC (2013). Heavy metal pollution and Phytoremediation potential of Avicennia officinalis L. in the southern coast of the Hoogly estuarine system. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3:2291-2302.
Dias HQ, Nayak GN (2016). Geochemistry and bioavailability of mudflats and mangrove sediments and their effect on bioaccumulation in selected organisms within a tropical (Zuari) estuary, Goa, India. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 105: 227–236.
Ding, Z., Wu, H., Feng X, Liu J., Liu Y, Yuan Y., Zhang, L., Lin, G., Jiayong, P. 2011. Distribution of Hg in mangrove trees and its implication for Hg enrichment in the mangrove ecosystem. Applied Geochemistry 26, 205–212.
Dung Quang L, Kentaro T, Luu Viet D, Yin Fui S, Liam L, Siti T, Meriam S, Abdul K, Yuji S, Kotaro S (2017). Biomagnification of total mercury in the mangrove lagoon foodweb in east coast of Peninsula, Malaysia. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 16: 49–55.
Edu1 EAB, Udensi OU, Ononyume MO (2015). Bio-monitoring of Mangroves Sediments and Tissues for Heavy Metal Accumulation in the Mangrove Forest of Cross River Estuary. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 4(2): 79-87.
Fatemeh E, Sanaz K, Ali S (2013). A Study on Heavy Metal Concentration in Sediment and Mangrove (Avicenia marina) Tissues in Qeshm Island, Persian Gulf. Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 2 (10): 498-504.
Keshavarz M, Mohammadikia D, Gharibpour F, Dabbagh AR (2012). Accumulation of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, V) in sediment, roots and leaves of mangrove species in Sirik Creek along the sea coasts of Oman, Iran. Journal of Applied Science Environmental Management, 16: 323–326.
Kholoud AS, Mohammad S, Abido A, Salih A, Asma A (2017). Assessing Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Leaves and Sediments of Urban Mangroves (Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.) in Bahrain. International Journal of Ecology, doi.org/10.1155/2017/3978216.
MacFarlane GR, Burchett MD (2002). Toxicity, growth and accumulation relationships of copper, lead and zinc in the grey mangrove Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh.Marine Environmental Research, 54: 65–84.
Murat Y, Aykut Y, Fatma S (2014). Heavy Metal Accumulation In the Leaves, Stem and Root of the Invasive Submerged Macrophyte Myriophyllum spicatum L. (Haloragaceae): An Example of Kadın Creek (Mugla, Turkey). Brazilia Archives of Biology and Technology, 57: 434-440.
Oliveira DCM, Correia RRS, Marinho CC, Guimarães JRD (2015). Mercury methylation in sediments of a Brazilian mangrove under different vegetation covers and salinities. Chemosphere, 127, 214–221.
Shirvani ME, Khajeh RAE, Vakili AH (2012). Pb and Cd accumulation in Avicennia marina from Qeshm Island, Persian Gulf. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11(4) 867-875.
Sumesh ND, Jayendra L, Deepa G, Tejas P (2017). Heavy Metal Accumulation in the Mangrove Ecosystem of South Gujarat Coast, India. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17: 755-766.
Usman ARA, Alkredaa RS, Al-Wabel MI (2013). Heavy metal contamination in sediments and mangroves from the coast of Red Sea: Avicennia marina as potential metal bioaccumulator. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 1: 263–270.
- Sadegh Peery on Google Scholar
- Sadegh Peery on Pubmed
- Abdolmajid Doraghi Mohammad on Google Scholar
- Abdolmajid Doraghi Mohammad on Pubmed
- Taghi Ronagh on Google Scholar
- Taghi Ronagh on Pubmed
- Alireza Safahieh on Google Scholar
- Alireza Safahieh on Pubmed