Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
June 2020 Vol. 9(6): pp. 151-159
Copyright © 2020 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Effects of Different Land Use System on Physico-Chemical Properties of Soil in Wudma Sub watershed District, Southern Ethiopia

Kedir Jemal


Wondo Genet Agricultural research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author's Email:

Accepted 28 June, 2020



Information about effects of different land use systems on soil physico-chemical properties is crucial for best land management practices. This study was, therefore, conducted to assess the impact of land use/land cover on the physicochemical properties of soils of wudma area, southern Ethiopia. The land use systems studied included grazing land, cultivated land, eucalyptus plantation and natural forest. The research was superimposed on land use systems that were located nearby on similar soil. Undisturbed core and disturbed composite soil samples were collected randomly with four replications for each land use system. The influence of land use systems on soil properties were analysed using the analysis of variance general linear model procedure of SAS software. Mean differences due to land use, were identified using The Least Significant Difference (LSD) test after differences were found statistically significant. The results showed that most of the soil physicochemical properties varied with land use systems. For instance soil texture, bulk density, pH (H2O), OM, Total N, available p, CEC, exchangeable K, studied were significantly affected (P ≤ 0.05 and/or P ≤ 0.01) by land use. In contrast, silt, total porosity, exchangeable Na, carbon to nitrogen ratios, was not significantly (P > 0.05) different due to land use. Generally, comparisons between cultivated on one hand and the forest, eucalyptus and grazing lands on the other revealed a highly significant difference on soil fertility parameters. For instance the highest mean values of pH, OM and CEC, TN, Ca and Na were observed in the surface of forest land soil with (6.4, 8.1, 75 cmol (+) kg-1, 0.4, 60, 0.84 cmol(+) kg-1 )were observed under the forest land as compared to the lowest values (5.6, 3.8, 35 cmol(+)kg-1, 0.19,14 and 0.48 cmol(+) kg -1) in the cultivated land respectively. The results of study showed that forest clearing and subsequently cultivation and tillage practices resulted in the decline of the soil quality and these changes effects on soil sensitivity to degradation and erosion. Therefore, reducing the intensity of cultivation and adopting integrated soil fertility management could maintain the existing soil condition and replenish the degraded soil properties of the area.

Keywords:  Land Use System, Soil, Physico-Chemical.







Abbasi MK, Tahir MM (2012). Economizing nitrogen fertilizer in wheat through combinations with organic manures in Kashmir, Pakistan. Agron. J., 104, 169-177.

Arévalo-Gardini E, Canto M, Alegre J, Loli O, Julca A, Baligar V (2015). Changes in Soil Physical and Chemical Properties in Long Term Improved Natural and Traditional Agroforestry Management Systems of Cacao Genotypes in Peruvian Amazon. PLoS ONE, 10(7), e0132147.

Ayoubi S, Khormali F, Sahrawat KL, Rodrigues de Lima AC (2011). Assessing impacts of land use changes on soil quality indicators in a loessial soil in Golestan province, Iran. Journal of Agriculture Science Technology 13, 727- 74

Brady NC, Weil RR (2002). The Nature and Properties of Soils. 13th Ed. Prentice-Hall Inc., New Jersey; USA. 960p

Brown S, Lugo AL (1990). Effect of forest clearing and succession of the carbon and nitrogen content of soils in Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands. Plant and Soil 124 53-64.

Chama EV, Murphy W (2007). Soil, their properties and management, 3 rd. edition, Oxford University Press, Australia changes due to pasture installation in Rondonia, Brazil. Geoderma 70 63-81

Chemada M, Kibret K, Fite T (2017). Influence of different land use types and soil depths on selected soil properties related to soil fertility in Warandhab Area, Horo Guduru Wallaga Zone, Oromiya, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources 4 (2): 555634

Chen GX, Yu KW, Liao LP, Xu GS (2000). Effect of human activities on forest ecosystem: N cycle and soil fertility. Nutrient Cycling in Agro ecosystems 57 45-54.

Coxhead I, ygard R (2008). Land Degradation. Submitted for Copenhagen Consensus Comments. University of Wisconsin-Madison and Norwegian University of Life Sciences.

Eyayu M,  Heluf G, Tekaliign M, Mohammed  A (2009). “Effects of land-use change on selected soil properties in the TeraGedam Catchment and adjacent agro ecosystems, north-west Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources. 11(1): 35-62, 2009.

FAO (1995a). Planning for sustainable use of land resources: Towards a New Approach. Land and water bulletin 2. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy, 60pp Fisheries 2(5) 177-183.

Gebreyesus BT (2013). Soil quality indicators response to land use and soil management systems in Northern Ethiopia’s catchment, Land Degrad. Develop.Published online, doi:10.1002/ldr.2245, 2013

Geissen V, Guzman GM (2006). Fertility of tropical soils under different land use systems-a case study of soils in Tabasco, Mexico. Applied Soil Ecology, 31, 169-178

Geist HJ, Lambin EF (2002). Proximate causes and underlying driving forces of tropical deforestation. Bioscience, 52(2): 143-150.

Gong JL, Chen NF, Huang Y, Huang Z, Peng H (2005). Effect of land use on soil nutrients in theLoess Hilly Area of the Loess Plateau, China. Land degradation and Development, 17(5), 453-465

Hazelton P, Murphy B (2007). Interpreting soil test results: What do all the numbers mean? CSIRO Publishing. Australia, 52p.

Heluf G, Wakene N (2006). Impact of land use and management practices on chemical properties of some soils of Bako area, western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 8(2), 177-197. Chemical_Properties_of_Loma_Woreda_Dawuro_Zone_Southern_Ethiopia

Henrik H, Gaetan D, Brigitte B, Christian M (2010). Negative or positive effects of plantation and Intensive forestry on biodiversity: A matter of scale and perspective. Forestry Chronicles 86(3) 354-364.

Karltun E, Lemenih M, Tolera M (2013). Comparing farmers’ perception of soil fertility change with soil properties and crop performance in Beseku, Ethiopia, Land Degrad. Develop. 24, 228–235, 2013

Kim HS, Anderson H, Motavalli PP, Gantzer CJ (2010). Compaction effects on soil maeropore geometry and related parameters for arable field. Geodema, 160: 244-251

Lemma B, Berggren D, Nilsson I, Olsson M (2006). Soil carbon sequestration under different exotic tree species in the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia. Geoderma 136: 886–898. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.06.008

Marks PL, Bormann FH (1972). Revegetation following Forest Cutting: Mechanisms for Return to Steady-State Nutrient Cycling. Science 176 914-915.

McLaughlin JW, Liu G, Jurgensen MF and Gale MR (1996). Organic Carbon Characteristics in a Spruce Swamp Five Years after Harvesting. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60 1228-1236.DOI: 10.1126/science.176.4037.914

MOARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) (2010). Ethiopia’s Agricultural Sector Policy and Investment Framework (PIF) 2010-2020. Draft Final Report. Pp1-15.

Mulugeta L, Karltun E, Olsson M (2005). “Assessing soil chemical and physical property responses to deforestation and subsequent cultivation in smallholders farming system in Ethiopia”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 105: 373-386, 2005.

Nair KM, Chamuah GS (1988). Characteristics and Classification of Some Pine Forest Soil of Meghalaya. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 36 142-145.

Nigussie A, Kissi E (2012). Physicochemical characterization of nitisol in Southwestern Ethiopia and its fertilizer recommendation using NuMaSS. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science 1(4): 66-73. of soil associated with long term annual application of cattle feed lot manure. Soil Sci. 161

Olsen SR, Watenabe VC, Dean LA (1954). Estimate of available phosphorous in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circular. No. 939, USA

Shukla MK, Lal R, Ebinger M. (2006). Determining Soil Quality Indicators by Factor Analysis. Soil Tillage Research 87, 194-204.

Solomon D, Fritzsche F, Tekalign M, Lehmann J, Zech W (2002). Soil organic matter dynamics in the subhumid Ethiopian highlands: Evidence from natural 13C abundance and particle-size fractionation. Soil Sci. Soc. Amr. J. 66: 969-978

Sparling GP, Schipper LA, Hill R, Bettjeman W (2004). Soil quality monitoring in New Zealand: practical lessons from a six-year trial. Agricultural Ecosystems and Environment 104, 523–534. Spodosol. Soil Science 111 323-329

Tahir BA, Ahmed DM, Ardo J, Gafari A, Salih M (2013). Changes in soil properties following conversion of Acacia Senegala plantation to other land management systems .

Ufot, U.O., Iren, O.B., ChikereNjoku, C.U., 2016. Effects of land use on soil physical and chemical properties in Akokwa area of Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Life Sciences Scientific Research 2(3): 273-278

USDA (2008). Bulk density. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural ResourcesConservation Service. Available at (Access date: 17.05.2018):

Vågen TG, Winowiecki LA (2013). Mapping of soil organic carbon stocks for spatially explicit assessments of climate change mitigation potential, Environ. Res. Lett., 8, 1–3, 2013.DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/015011

Wakene N (2001). Assessment of important physicochemical properties of Nitosols under different management systems in Bako Area, Western Ethiopia. M. Sc. Thesis, Alemaya University, Alemaya, Ethiopia

Wakene N, Heluf G (2004). The impact of different land use systems on soil quality of western Ethiopian Alfisols. In: International Research on Food Security, Natural Resource Management, and Rural Poverty Reduction through Research for Development and Transformation. DeutscherTropentag-Berlin, 5-7 Oct. 2004, http//

Yeshanew A, Welfgang Z, Guggenbeyer G, Tekalign M (2004). Soil aggregation, total, and particulate organic matter as affected by conversion of native forests to 26 years continuous cultivation in Ethiopia. 203 pp.

Yihenew GS (2002). Selected chemical and physical characteristics of soils of Adet Research Center and its testing sites in northwestern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 4(2), 199-215

Yimer F, Abdulkadir A (2011). The effect of cropland fallowing on soil nutrient restoration in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia. Journal of Science and Development 1(1): 43-51

Yitbarek T, Gebrekidan H, Kibret K, Beyene S (2013). Impacts of Land Use on Selected Physicochemical Properties of Soils of Abobo Area, Western Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 2(5): 177-183 .

Zhang F, Tiyip T, Feng ZD, Kung HT, Johnson VC, Ding JL, Tashpolat N, Sawut M, Gui DW (2015). Spatio-temporal patterns of land use/cover changes over the past 20 years in the Middle Reaches of the Tarim River, Xinjiang, China, Land Degrad. Develop., 26, 284–299, 2015.





Related Articles

Original Research Articles
Okeke Onyeka, Ejindu-Ejesi Chidiebere*, Enwereuzo Emmanuel, Umeh Joel, Ezeh Ernest
Assessment of the Excretion Levels of Heavy Metals through the Litters of Chickens fed Varying Prepared Concentrations of selected Heavy Metals in their Feeds
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. May 2016 Vol: 5(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (311 KB)
Uguru, B.N., Mbah, C.N. and Njoku, C
Effect of Rice Husk Dust on Selected Soil Physical Properties and Maize Grain Yield in Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. December 2015 Vol: 4(12): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (170 KB)
Mamudu H Badau, Hauwa Z, Abba GI Agbara and Abdullahi A. Yusuf
Proximate composition, mineral content and acceptability of granulated maize dumpling (Dambu Masara) with varying proportions of ingredients
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2013 Vol: 2(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (843 KB)
Short Communication
Guillermo Fuentes-Dávila, Ravi Prakash-Singh, Ivón Alejandra Rosas-Jáuregui, José Luis Félix-Fuentes and Carlos Antonio Ayón-Ibarra
Evaluation of Bread Wheat Lines for Resistance to Karnal Bunt
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2018 Vol: 7(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (251 KB)
Abhimanyu kumar, Lalit Kumar Goyal and Anshu Taunk
To study the role played by green house gasses on climatic change and its further effect on Agriculture.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. May 2013 Vol: 2(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (130 KB)
Original Research Article
Nurul Hazrina Mazlan and Affizal Ahmad
Psychological profile of Malaysian female prisoners
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. July 2012 Vol: 1(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (149 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Kedir Jemal on Google Scholar
Kedir Jemal on Pubmed


Viewed 2942
Printed 170
Downloaded 739
Powered By iPortal Works