Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2015 Vol. 4(7): pp. 361-367
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of different soil conditioners application on some soil characteristics and plant growth I-Soil moisture distribution, barley yield and water use efficiency

Ebtisam I. Eldardiry and M.Abd El-Hady

 

Water Relations and Field Irrigation Dept. National Research Centre, El-Buhouth St., Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

*Corresponding Author’s Email: ebtisameldardiry@gmail.com

Accepted 16 July, 2015

 

Abstract

Field experiment was carried out in Research and Production Station, National Research Centre, El-Nobaria, El-Beheara Governorate, Egypt during the season of 2013 on a sandy loam soil ( 23% silt; 8% clay ).  The experimental design was randomized completely block in sex replicates.  Barley (Hardiumvulgare L.) Giza 124 was sown and irrigated by sprinkler irrigation with total amount of irrigation water 405 mm/season.  The aim of the work is to study the effect of bentonite (as a soil conditioner) application rates on the some soil properties and barley plant growth comparing with FYM effect in common application rate (2%).  Bentonite used is characterized by clay in texture, 4.8 dSm-1, 7.88, 4.6 % and 1.8 % for ECe, pH, CaCO3 and organic matter content.  Bentonite application rates were  0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 %, in addition to farm yard manure treatment (FYM) at 2 %. Half of the plots were treated by bentonite examined rates in two equal doses (50%), the first one applied before maize and the second one during soil preparation for sowing barley. The obtained results showed that increasing bentonite rates to treated soil associate with increase in soil moisture content on weight base in all studied depths and the rate of increase clearly observed in the first and second examined depths (0-15 and 15-30 cm) in the 1st rate (2%) by 24% and 14.5 % in previous sequences.  Water content before irrigation was not far from values of that after irrigation that means increase ability of soil to retain more water and the increase was 43 % if 2 % bentonite was applied and 89.7 % when sandy soil treated by 8 % bentonite.  Whereas, 2 % FYM increased soil moisture content by about 25.6 % (comparing with control) in the 1st depth.Application bentonite in two doses had a superior effect on water use efficiency (WUE) of barley grain yield more than one dose. The best bentonite application rates that fulfill maximize WUE of grains of barley were 6 in one or two dose of application.

Keywords: sandy loam, bentonite, water distribution, barley, yield, WUE.


 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Sukhbaatar Gerelbaatar, Nachin Baatarbileg, Ganbaatar Batsaikhan
Density and growth performance of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) understory saplings in logged forests of Tujiin Nars National Park in the Western Khentii Mountains, Case study from Northern Mongolia
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2015 Vol: 4(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (854 KB)
Mervat EI Radwan, Abdel Fatah Ali and Omnea Abd el Hamied
Epidemiological studies, molecular diagnosis of anaplasma marginale in cattle and biochemical changes associated with it in Kaliobia Governorate
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. February 2013 Vol: 2(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (354 KB)
Talaat A. Ahmed, Nazir Hussain Muhammed and Raham Sher Khan
Treated wastewater and diluted seawater in Qatar – Alternative irrigation resources for date palm
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. June 2017 Vol: 6(6): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (2,191 KB)
Essubalew Getachew, Ali Mohammed and Abush Tesfaye
Impact of sowing date and plant spacing on yield, quality and disease incidence of Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris l.) varieties at Jimma Southwestern, Ethiopia
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. May 2015 Vol: 4(5): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (184 KB)
HA Mansour, Sabreen Kh. Pibars and VF Bralts
Performance of Automatic Control Drip Irrigation System and Farm Topography for Soil Moisture Distribution, Mung Bean Grain Yield and Water Productivity
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. August 2015 Vol: 4(8): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (803 KB)
Tahira, Abdul Rashid, Mubashir Ahmad Khan and Muhammad Amjad
Stability analysis of canola ( Brassica napus) genotypes in Pakistan.
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. October 2013 Vol: 2(10): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (136 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Ebtisam I. Eldardiry on Google Scholar
Ebtisam I. Eldardiry on Pubmed
M.Abd El-Hady on Google Scholar
M.Abd El-Hady on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 1557
Printed 361
Downloaded 1823
Powered By iPortal Works