Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2015 Vol. 4(7): pp. 275-279
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Review

Insect Pests of Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) and Potentials of Botanical Insecticides for their Control  in the Tropics: A Review.

1Ahmed, I.A., 2Umma, M., 3Kutama, A.S., and Hassan, K.Y

 

1Samaru College of Agriculture, Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria Nigeria

2Department of Biology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Kano, Nigeria

3Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa state, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author's Email: inusaahmed@gmail.com

Accepted 01 July, 2015

 

Abstract

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest crops cultivated by man. Its center of origin is believed to be the Arabian Gulf Region. The crop was introduced into Nigeria through the Tans-Saharan trade by pilgrims. Because of the suitable environmental condition of Northern part of Nigeria as well as the introduction of early maturing varies, date palm cultivation is gaining popularity among famers. It has now forms a source of income to these farmers. However, cultivation of this crop comes with a lot of problems, among which are the insect pests that attack different parts of the crop. Insect pests, such as Red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros) and termites are very common in Nigerian orchards. Although chemical insecticides are used to control these insect pests, there is the need to give more emphasis on the use of botanicals instead. This is because of their low persistence and less harmful to man and the environment. Plants, such as neem (Azadiracta indica J), ginger ((Zingiber afficinale), lemon grass, (Eucalyptus citrodora), castoil (Ricinus communis L), shammer (Foeniculum vulgare) and hail (Elettaria cardamomum)  were found to be a source of botanical insecticides against these pests. Therefore more tropical plants need to be evaluated for their efficacy against insect pests of date palm.    

Keywords: Botanicals, Date palm, Rhinocerus beetle, Red palm weevil, Termites.


 

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