Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2015 Vol. 4(7): pp. 309-314
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Productive behavior of Rhode Island Red hens fed with Cnidoscolus chayamansa

Santos Magdalena Herrera Gallo1*, y Aslam Díaz Castillo2, Marlene Medina Villacís1, Italo Espinoza Guerra1, Geovanny Muñoz Rodríguez1 and José Miguel Romero Romero1

 

1 Universidad Técnica de Quevedo (UTEQ), Facultad de Ciencias Pecuarias, Carretera de Quevedo a Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, km 1 ½, Quevedo, Los Ríos, Ecuador.

2 Universidad Agraria de La Habana (UNAH), Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Autopista nacional, km 23 ½, Carretera a Tapaste, San José de Las Lajas, Mayabeque, Cuba.

*Corresponding Author's Email: mallyhe55@hotmail.com

Accepted 01 July, 2015

 

Abstract

It was compared the productive performance of Rhode Island Red hens fed with commercial feed or replacement of a portion of the corn and soy for flour Cnidoscolus chayamansa leaves. 240 hens (60 animals/group), between 10 and 18 weeks old, were used in a control group (commercial feed) and three experimental groups (3; 6 and 9% flour C. chayamansa). The animals were reared on floor, with access to 50 m2 of grass Stenotathum secundatum/group, 6 hours/day. The diets had equal metabolizable energy content (10.83 MJ/kg) and crude protein (16.27%). Productive and nutritional indicators were calculated. The highest intakes were obtained in control (5028.50 g), 3% (4497.80 g) and 6% (4322.63 g) chayamansa C. inclusion. The highest end accumulated body weight was obtained in the control diets (1899 g) and 3% of C. chayamansa (1632.50 g). The lower conversion values were obtained in the control (2.65) and 3% of C. chayamansa (2.75). All diets covered the nutritional requirements. C. chayamansa increased the availability of calcium in the diet. Crude fiber did not exceed the permissible value, but increased from 2.61% in the control to 3.56% with 6% inclusion. It can replace 3% of the corn and soybean diet for Rhode Island Red hens in development and pre posture, for C. chayamansa and obtain productive behavior, consumption, conversion and efficiency of commercial balanced nutrients like.  

Keywords: Chaya, consumption, conversion, poultry, weight gain.

 

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y Aslam Díaz Castillo on Google Scholar
y Aslam Díaz Castillo on Pubmed
Marlene Medina Villacís on Google Scholar
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Italo Espinoza Guerra on Google Scholar
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