Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2016 Vol. 5(7): pp. 277-282
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

“Jumbo 2010”, cultivar of chickpea “kabuli” type of extra large size from Sinaloa, Mexico

Víctor Valenzuela-Herrera1*, Pedro Manjarrez-Sandoval2, Antonio Morales-Gómez3, Rafael A. Salinas-Pérez4, Lauro Gómez-Gómez1, Gustavo A. Fierros-Leyva3, Pedro F. Ortega-Murrieta3, Isidoro Padilla-Valenzuela5, Milagros Ramírez-Soto1, Jorge A. Acosta-Gallegos6, Erasmo Gutiérres-Pérez5, Sixto Velarde-Félix1, and Guillermo Fuentes-Dávila5

 

1Campo Experimental Valle de Culiacán, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP). Carretera Culiacán-Eldorado Km. 17.5 C.P.80000. Culiacán, Sinaloa, México.

2University of Arkansas 1115 Plant Sciences Building–CSES. Fayetteville, AR. ZP 72701.

3Campo Experimental Costa de Hermosillo, INIFAP.

4Campo Experimental Valle del Fuerte, Los Mochis Sinaloa.

5Campo Experimental Norman E. Borlaug, INIFAP. 6Campo Experimental Bajío, INIFAP.

6Campo Experimental Todos Santos, INIFAP.

Email: valenzuela.victor@inifap.gob.mx

Accepted 22 June, 2016

 

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) produced in Mexico is “kabuli” type with white grain, and pronounced rugosity. It is used for human consumption covering the niches in Europe and the Middle East. Mexico is one of the main chickpea exporters due to the production of cultivars with such characteristics which have made them to be recognized as “Mexican” type chickpeas. “Jumbo 2010”is a chickpea cultivar of white grain generated by INIFAP, product of the simple cross  “Dwelley” x “Blanco Sinaloa-92”. The leaf is compound, with large, oval, and semi-opaque leaflets. The flower is white, and the pod is large (25-30mm), and green color with medium intensity during the grain-filling period. The grain has caliber 34-36 seeds/30 g of weight, and it is the cultivar with the largest grain size released in Mexico. It presents 97% average of quality export grain, as it passes through a 9 mm diameter sieve. The grain is whitish cream, with pronounced rugosity, and angular shaped. Cooking time is rather similar to “Blanco Sinaloa-92” (between 35 and 40 min, after wetting the grain for 12 h). In the central region of Sinaloa Mexico, during the last five years “Jumbo 2010” has shown an average grain yield of 2,400 kg/ha for export, overcoming with 200 kg/ha “Blanco Sinaloa-92”the cultivar with the highest area sown.

Keywords: Cicer arietinum L., export caliber, Blanco Sinaloa-92

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