Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2016 Vol. 5(7): pp. 249-262
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Soil Carbon Sequestration, Water Use Efficiency and Yield of Maize As Influenced By Organic Amendments in Irrigated Area of North-West Pakistan

Samreen Shehzadi*1,2, Zahir Shah2 and Wisal Mohammad1

 

1Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA), P.O. Box. No.446, Tarnab, Peshawar, Pakistan,

2The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan

Email: sshehzadi11@hotmail.com

Accepted 18 May, 2016

 

Abstract

Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a vital role in terrestrial C cycle, affecting soil sustainability and its quality and environment. The soil and environmental conditions of cultivated soils in semi-arid regions are favorable for rapid decomposition of SOM resulting in high rates of C loss to the atmosphere, contributing to global warming. Application of organic amendments is an important strategy to enhance SOC storage, soil fertility, water retention, crop productivity and atmospheric C mitigation. A 2-year field experiment was conducted at the research farm of Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA), Peshawar, Pakistan to study the effect of 4 organic wastes with and without NPK mineral fertilizers on SOC retention, water use efficiency (WUE) and maize yield under an irrigated wheat-maize cropping system. The wastes included municipal solid waste (MSW), filter cake (sugar industry waste), farm yard manure (FYM), and wheat crop residues. The C: N ratio of the organic wastes ranged from 8.0 in the filter cake to 100 in the wheat residues. All organic wastes were applied at a rate of 3 t C ha-1 alone and with a full or half dose of NPK mineral fertilizers. Soil analysis revealed that on average, filter cake and MSW as sole treatments successfully increased the total SOC content in the 0-15 cm soil layer by 7.7 t ha-1 and 5.8 t ha-1 respectively. The MSW + full NPK fertilizer treatment accumulated the highest amount of SOC (9.4 t ha-1) followed by the filter cake + NPK treatments (8.2 t ha-1). On average, maximum maize grain WUE (20.7 kg ha-1 mm-1) and grain yield (4439 kg ha-1) were obtained by the combined application of filter cake and full NPK followed by MSW + NPK treatment. These results indicate that among the organic wastes, filter cake and MSW have the best potential for improving SOC retention, WUE and maize yield in irrigated wheat - maize cropping systems in warm semi-arid areas.

Keywords: Soil carbon sequestration, water use efficiency, maize, Organic amendments.

   


 

Related Articles


Original Research Articles
Mehasen, S.A.S, Shimaa, A. Badawy and Emad Hafez
Performance of Some Rice Varieties under Different Irrigation Regimes
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. April 2020 Vol: 9(4): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (167 KB)
Md. Omar Ali, Ashutosh Sarker, A.H.M. Motiur Rahman Talukder, Md. Samsul Alam, Md. Ariful Islam and Jamil Hossain
Adaptation of pea (Pisum sativum L) as relay crop with monsoon rice is a resource conservation technology in medium high to medium low lands of Bangladesh
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. January 2018 Vol: 7(1): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,922 KB)
Tchatchoua Dorothy Tchapda, Caspa Roseline Gusua, Oumarou Hamadou, Hamawa Yougouda Abib Fanta Chimene, Froumsia Moksia
genetic-resources-of-faidherbia-albida-(del.)-a.-chev.-in-the-sudano-sahelian-region-of-cameroon
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. September 2017 Vol: 6(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (521 KB)
Balogun, O. L; Yusuf, S.A and Oloniniyi, M.T
Effects of Social Network on Production Output of Maize Farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. February 2017 Vol: 6(2): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (163 KB)
Tran Minh Tien, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Vu Thi Khanh Van, Vu Duong Quynh, Myles Oelofse
Effect of additives on greenhouse gas emissions and nitrogen losses during storage of pig manure in Vietnam
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. March 2019 Vol: 8(3): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (1,270 KB)
Ogutu MO, Muasya R, Ouma G
Effects of Cropping System, Planting Location and Inorganic Nitrogen on Quality of Bean Seed in Western Kenya
Glo. Adv. Res. J. Agric. Sci. November 2012 Vol: 1(9): - [Abstract] [Full Text - PDF] (417 KB)

Current Issue

Viewing Options

View Full Article - PDF
Download Full Article - PDF

Search for Articles

Samreen Shehzadi on Google Scholar
Samreen Shehzadi on Pubmed
Zahir Shah on Google Scholar
Zahir Shah on Pubmed
Wisal Mohammad on Google Scholar
Wisal Mohammad on Pubmed

Statistics

Viewed 2392
Printed 445
Downloaded 1141
Powered By iPortal Works