Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2017 Vol. 6(7): pp. 170-180
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals
Role of Bioscience and Biotechnology through Green Revolution to Increase the Rice Production in Indonesia
Made Antaraa and Made Sri Sumarniasihb
aDepartment of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
bDepartment of Agroecotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
Accepted 21 July, 2017
Bioscience and biotechnology is one of the modern agriculture technologies has produced high yielding variety (HYVs) which is one of the five pillars of Green Revolution, aims to increase the production of food agriculture. Green Revolution that swept the world around the 1960s, particularly in Latin America are characterized by findings of corn and wheat superior varieties in Mexico and Soybean in Brasilia. In Asia especially in the IRRI-Philippines found superior rice IR-8, so the annual Philippine rice production increased drastically, which makes the Philippines rice exporter for the first time in the 20th century? India adopts and planting variety of IR-8 and managed to improve paddy agricultural products nearly doubled, which makes India one of the most successful producers of rice in the world. The implementation of Green Revolution in Indonesia by New Order through mass counseling program (Bimas), one efforts of the five farming management of this program is use of HYV- Superior Variety Resistant Brown Planthoppers of IR-26 and IR-36 in the 1980s, has increased significantly in rice production, this is evidence of the successful application of bioscience and biotechnology.
Keywords: Agriculture, Production, Bioscience, Bioscience, Green Revolution.