Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
July 2018 Vol. 7(7): pp. 217-222
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of the incorporation of clay on feeding digestibility, nutrient retention, and digestive organ size of broiler

Chouchen Rana1, Haj ayed Mediha2, M’hamdi Naceur*1

 

1Laboratory of Genetic, Animal and Alimentation Resources, National Agronomic Institute of Tunisia .43 Av. Ch. Nicolle, 1082 Tunis, Tunisia

2Higher Institute of Agronomy of Chott-Meriem Chott Meriem, B.P. n° 47 -4042 Chott Meriem Sousse, Tunisia

*Corresponding Author's Email: naceur_mhamdi@yahoo.fr

Accepted 13 February, 2018

 

Abstract

Two hundred one day old Hubbard JV chicks with an average initial body weight 37.59 g (± 0, 150) (P=0.228) were used in fattening and digestibility trial. The aim was to study the effect of zeolite supplementation to diet on poultry performance. Chicks were divided into 3 treatment groups: A0, A0.5 and A1 containing 0; 0.5 and 1% of zeolite, respectively. Three experiments were conducted: fattening, digestibility and carcass trial. Fattening experiment was performed for a 39 days period. Animals were fed ad libitum starter CF1 (1-17 days of age), then grower-finisher CF2 (18-39 days of age) concentrates. Feed digestibility was controlled by using reference on 24 chickens (8×3) aged of 15 days and weighing 425 g of live body weight. At the end of the essay (39 days of age), 24 chickens (8 × 3) were slaughtered to determinate hot and chilling carcass weights and yields and the proportions of breast and thigh and digestive organs in carcass. Overall results indicate that zeolite had no influence on global growth performance (48,71g). Carcass parameters studied were statistically similar for the three treatments (p> 0.26). However it seems that abdominal fat weight for the animals received 0.5% of zeolite tends to be higher than animals of the other treatment (p = 0.052). In conclusion, it appears that the addition of zeolite in broiler feeds does not have any impact on the different parameters studied.

Keywords: carcass parameters, digestibility, poultry, zeolite

 

 

 

REFERENCES

 

Almquist HJ, Christensen HL, Maurer S (1967). The effects of bentonites on nutrient retention by turkeys: Feedstuffs 39, 54.

Anne Bourdillon B, Carré L, Conan  MF,  Fuentes  M, Huyghebaert  G, Janssen  WMMA, Leclercq  B, Lessire  M, McNab  J, Rigoni  M,  Wiseman J (1990). European reference method of in vivo determination of metabolisable energy in poultry: Reproducibility, effect of age, comparison with predicted values, British Poultry Science, 31:3, 567-576, DOI: 10.1080/00071669008417288

Castaing (1994). Effet de l’introduction de sépiolite Exal selon les teneurs en cellulose brute et matière grasse d’aliments pour porcs charcutiers. Journées Rech. Porcine en France, 26, 199.206.

Cheeke PR (1991). Applied Animal Nutrition: Feeds and Feeding. Macmillan, New York, NY. 504 p.

Eshleman JC (1966). Poultry feed containing about 1% diatomaceous earth: U.S. Patent Office, Patent No. 3, 27l, 161.

Kurnick AA, Reid BL (1960). Poultry nutrition studies with bentonite: Feedstuffs 32.

Mateos GG, Jiménez-Moreno E, Serrano MP, Lázaro RP (2012). Poultry response to high levels of dietary fiber sources varying in physical and chemical characteristics. Poultry science association, Inc.156-174

Melcion (1995). Emploi des liants pour le pressage des aliments des animaux : aspects technologiques et nutritionnels. INRA Prod. Anim., 1995, 8 (2), 83-96.

Ousterhaut LE (1967). The effect of kaolin on the feed efficiency of chickens: In press.

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