Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2015 Vol. 4(8): pp. 425-433
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Criteria Design of Vernacular Gardens in Three Rural Communities of Mexico

Doris Arianna Leyva Trinidad1; Arturo Pérez Vázquez1*; Mónica de la Cruz Vargas Mendoza1; Felipe Gallardo López1, J. Cruz García Albarado2, Silvia Pimentel Aguilar2

 

1Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Veracruz, Km. 88.5 Carretera Federal Xalapa-Veracruz, Predio Tepetates, Veracruz, Veracruz, México, C.P. 91700. Phone: (229) 201 0770.

2Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Córdoba, Km. 348 Carretera Federal Córdoba-Veracruz, Congregación Manuel León, Municipio Amatlán de los Reyes, Veracruz, Veracruz, México, C.P. 94946.

*Corresponding Author’s Email: parturo@colpos.mxleyva.doris@colpos.mx 

Accepted 13 August, 2015

 

Abstract

Vernacular gardens express features of identity, language, culture, socioeconomic status, gender sensitivity, community, also knowledge on local biodiversity. Research in Mexico regarding the design criteria of vernacular gardens in rural communities is unusual, despite the heterogeneity of the natural and social environment. Therefore, the aim of this research was to determine the factors that determine the design of vernacular gardens and the selection criteria of ornamental species in three rural communities in Mexico (San Felipe Cuapexco, Cohuecan, Puebla; Tepexilotla in Chocamán, and Angostillo in Paso de Ovejas, Veracruz). Individual interviews (n=5, Tepexilotla; n=10, San Felipe; n=11, Angostillo) were conducted. Questions were about design criteria, plant selection, and local knowledge. Data was recorded and analyzed in an Excel spread sheet. It was found not differences regarding local criteria for garden design neither plant selection among the three communities. Factors determining garden design were plant size and available space, which influenced planting location and spatial arrangement of plants. Species selection was induced by appeal for a species, such as color(s), use, and adaptability. It can be concluded that vernacular garden reflects the appreciation by women for the flowers, where recycled materials are used, and culture and local knowledge characterize each garden within each community, yet they function differently in every community due to environmental, social, economic and historical factors.

Keywords: landscape architecture; domestic gardens; local knowledge. 

 


 

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