Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2015 Vol. 4(8): pp. 434-438
Copyright © 2015 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Yield of Cotton and the Opinion of Small-Scale Farmers on Cotton Production in Kano and Katsina States, Nigeria

1Kutama*, A.S, 2Sherif, U., 1Dangora I.I..,3 Umma, M., and 4Salusu A., 4Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso.

 

1Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Dutse. P.M.B 7156-Nigeria

2Department of Biological Sciences, North-west University, Kano. Nigeria

3Department of Biology, Kano University of Science & Technology, Wudil.

4College of Advanced & Remedial Studies, T/Wada, Kano.

*Corresponding Author’s Email: kutamasak@yahoo.com   

Accepted 16 August, 2015

 

Abstract

Despite the position of cotton in the economy of Nigeria, farmers are nowadays shunning away from its cultivation resulting into a progressive decrease in its production annually. In this study, investigation was made in the 2004 growing season to find out the reasons why farmers in the production area no longer produce the crop in a substantial quantity. During the survey, a sum of 200 questionnaires was administered using cluster sampling technique to farmers in each of the four locations under study. Alongside this, an improved cotton variety, SAMCOT 9 was grown in four locations of the study area up to yield stage to evaluate the possible yield and the possibility of growing the crop within the sub-geographical region. A completely randomized design field experiment with nine replications was conducted in four locations of the study area; Kano north, Kano south, Kano central and Dayi in Katsina, a cotton producing state.  Results of the farmers’ opinion have shown that the production of cotton is going down because of the absence of lucrative cotton market in the two states. Farmers consistently opined that if reliable and lucrative market is brought to their reach, the production of the crop will increase drastically in the two states. Similarly, the yield of the crop obtained in the two states (728.0, 777.2, 800.2 and 700.0 Kg/ha from Kano north, Kano south, Kano central and Katsina state respectively) indicated that the crop can be grown with success if similar agronomic practices will be employed in the two states.

Keywords: cotton, yield, farmers’ opinion, Kano and Katsina states.

 


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