Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2016 Vol. 5(8): pp. 344-349
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Antifungal Activity of Gueira Senegalensis and Mangifera Indica On loose Smut Pathogen (Sporisorium Cruentum)

1Auyo, M.I., 2 Daniel, A.K., 1Dikwa, M. and 1Kutama,  A.S.

 

1Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Dutse

2Department of Environmental Sciences, Federal University, Dutse

Email: kutamasak@yahoo.com

Accepted 18 August, 2016

 

Abstract

Methanolic extracts from two different plant species were tested at concentrations 250, 125, 62.5 and 31.2mg/ml as potential sources of antifungal agents for the fungi Sporisoriumcruentum. The plant species were Guierasenegalensis (leaves) and Mangiferaindica (leaves). The objective of the research was to determine the antifungal activities of leave extract with methanol as solvents on the most frequently occurring sorghum pathogens of the loose smut (Sporisoriumcruentum) in Nigeria. All extracts exhibited moderate to good activities on the tested fungi with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). The test organism was sentitive to the G. senegalensis extracts, with 14mm and 10mm in diameter at 250mg/ml and 125mg/ml, respectively. The test organism was sensitive to M. indica leaf extract with 12mm in diameter at 250mg/ml. The result showed that all the plants exhibited minimum inhibitory concentration against the test organism. Therefore, it is concluded that extracts of G. senegalensis and M. indica could be used in controlling the fungal pathogen of loose smut (Sporisoriumcruentum).

Keywords: Methanolic extracts, antifungal activities, Mangiferaindica, Guierasenegalensis, Sporisoriumcruentum.

   


 

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