Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2017 Vol. 6(8): pp. 215-219
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) Parasitoids of Whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Southern Coahuila, Mexico

1Oscar Ángel Sánchez-Flores, 1Oswaldo García-Martínez*, 2Sveltlana Nikolaevna Myartseva, 2Enrique Ruíz-Cancino, 3Vicente Emilio Carapia-Ruíz

 

1Departamento de Parasitología Agrícola, Universidad Autónoma Agraria “Antonio Narro”, 25315 Saltillo, Coahuila, México, Fax: (844) 4110228.

2Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, 87149 Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, México.

3Escuela de Estudios Superiores de Xalostoc, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, 62742 Cuautla, Morelos, México.

Email: oscaruaaan@gmail.com

Accepted 14 August, 2017

 

Abstract

In southern Coahuila, Mexico, sixspecies of the genus  Encarsia  (E. barracasE. guajavae, E. inaron, E. luteolaE. macula, E. pergandiella)  and three species of the genus  Eretmocerus  (E. jimenezi, E. joeballi, E. perseae) were collected and determined, also six Aleyrodidae host species  (Aleuropleurocelus  abnormis, Aleurothrixus  floccosusParaleyrodes  minei, Siphoninus  phillyreae, Tetraleurodes  mori, Trialeurodes  vaporariorum)Aleyrodidae  nymphs were obtained from Persea  americana, Punica  granatum, Citrus sinensis, Morus  nigra, Lindleya  mespiloides, Solanum tuberosum, Cucurbita pepo  and  Taraxacum  officinale. The percentage of parasitism ranged from 4% to 66% in the monthly samples. The most abundant species was Eretmoceru  sjoeballi  (73.72% of the total for Aphelinidae). Seven species of Aphelinidae are new records for the State of Coahuila: Encarsia  barracas, E. guajavae, E. inaron, E. luteola, E. macula, Eretmocerus  jimenezi  and  Er. perseae. New host-parasitoid associations found in Coahuila are: Encarsia  guajavae in S.  phillyreae, E. macula in A. abnormis, E.  pergandiella in Siphoninus  phillyreae; Eretmocerus  perseae in A.  abnormis, Er. jimenezii in P. minei, and Er. joeballi in A. floccosus.

Keywords: Aphelinidae, Aleyrodidae, hosts, parasitism.


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