Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2017 Vol. 6(8): pp. 220-232
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Integration of safety and environmental protection in the small and medium sheep and goat farming for fattening in Togo (West Africa)

Matéyendou Lamboni1, 2and Ouézou Yaovi Azouma*1, 2

 

1Université de Lomé, Ecole Supérieure d’Agronomie / Département de Génie Rural et Machinisme agricole 01 BP 1515 Lomé 01, Togo, Tél. : (228) 22 25 41 97 Fax : (228) 22 21 85 95

2Equipe de Recherche sur la Mécanisation Agricole et le Génie des Procédés (ERMAP) 01 BP 1515 ESA/UL, Lomé 01, Togo

Email: azouma@yahoo.com

Accepted 14 August, 2017

 

Abstract

The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Programme (WAAPP), Togo project promotes the creation of Service companies and organization of producers of sheep and goats for fattening, slaughtering and cutting, "ESOP-Meat". This project activity aims to support 1200 farmers in 5 years. Safety of sheep and goats and environmental conservation of breeding sites are two factors that help to ensure in one hand, the quality of animal produced by small and medium farms and in other hand, the improvement of the competitiveness of products from slaughter and cutting. In order to address these requirements from the creation of ESOP-Meat, diagnostic surveys of 78 on 450 farmers (17%) and the monitoring visits of the implementation of the project on the field were made. These work showed that 92% of farms are located in the middle of habitation by third parties and therefore do not meet health and environmental standards. Furthermore, only 19% of farmers have improved traditional sheepfold and 3.8% of farmers have drinkers, feeders and racks. The new improved traditional sheepfold with an area of 17.4 m2 for 18 adult sheep, being introduced, presents a containment problem because 37% of beneficiary farmers largely have more than 25 adult animals. The nutrition and watering standards are not met. Good hygienic practices to ensure the safety of animal products are not applied. Faced to all these shortcomings, this work proposes a process of integration of safety and environmental protection in small and medium farms of sheep and goats for fattening.

Keywords: Togo, environment, food safety, fattening, sheep and goat.


 

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