Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2017 Vol. 6(8): pp. 240-252
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Pedological studies for some soil on sides of the Ismailia Canal in the Eastern part of Nile Delta in Egypt
Mohamed Abd El Rehim A. Hassan
Soil and Water Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, 41522 Ismailia, Egypt
Accepted 01 August, 2017
The soil on north and south sides of the Sweet Water Ismailia Canal (SWIC) has pedological studied with the assessment of their soil provenance, mode of formation and degree of uniformity. This study was achieved by morphological descriptions, Particle Size Distributions (PSD) analysis and mineralogical composition analysis for heavy and light minerals and calculates the weathering ratio (RW). The results are shown that the stratified conditions observed in soil morph-pedological descriptions, these soils classified on very poorly sorted, transported by rolling and suspension regimes and deposited in an aqueous medium, that come from fluvial sources; however non-uniform in origins on sides of the SWIC soils. The C=M diagram shows the sediments falling in the classes I, IV, V and VII segments indicate to Rolled and Suspended transported sediments that are coarser on the north side than the south side of the SWIC sediments. With regard to the mineralogical study of theses soils, the light minerals are composed of quartz and small amounts of feldspars. The heavy minerals are classified into two groups: opaque and non-opaque minerals by large amounts. Ultra-stable and Staurolite minerals are noted in moderate amount. The opaque mineral rally on the soil terraces indicates that soils are weakly developed. The rating of soils in the SWIC area is established either of the multi-origins and multi-depositional regimes, due to the heterogeneity of weathering and resulted from the geochemical weathering prevailed in the source sediments. Uniformity and weathering ratios indicated that the highest soils have been the subject of relatively higher weathering than in the subsoils. The heavy mineral suites of the studied soils have come from the mixing of young and older Nile deposits in the SWIC area. The provenance of soils in the studied area is regarded of complex rocks driven from igneous and metamorphic rocks.
Keywords: Soil Terraces, Sweet Ismailia Canal, Soil Genesis, Heavy and Light Minerals.