Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2017 Vol. 6(8): pp. 253-260
Copyright © 2017 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

The Effects of Girdling and Bio-Stimulants on Persian Lime (Citrus Latifolia Tan.) Bloom, Production and Quality for Winter

Ambriz Cervantes Rafael1, Ariza Flores Rafael1*, Alia Tejacal Irán2, Michel Aceves Alejandro Casimiro3, Barrios Ayala Aristeo1, Avendaño Arrazate Carlos Hugo1.

 

1Investigador de Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Zacatepec, Mor., e Iguala, Gro., Rosario Izapa, Chis.

2Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma de Estado de Morelos, Col. Chimalistac, Cuernavaca, Mor., 

3Colegio Superior Agropecuario del Estado de Guerrero.

Email: arizafr77@hotmail.com

Accepted 27 August, 2017

 

Abstract

In Mexico, 61.000 hectares of land are used top lant  Persian lime trees (Citruslatifolia Tan.)  whose  average  yield  is  of14 t ha-1 (SIAP, 2013) and production occurs from May to October.  Yet  their  prices in themarket are low.  On  this  basis, the trial consistedon  carry out some evaluations  on  the  cultural practices  and  applications  of  bio-stimulants as a way  to  induce  bloom, production,  and  fruit  quality  for  winter. Through August 2013 and April 2014, in a Persian lime orchard in Tlaltizapán, Morelos, México,  combinations in pruning, girdling, and applications of urea and Biofol® were assessed.  These were conducted in August, September and October, they determined the effects on trees, the content of leaves’ macronutrients as well as micronutrients; and the determination of the physical-biochemical quality of fruit. With September pruning + urea + girdling, a greater bloom and yield of 20.3 t ha-1 were obtained that exceeded the rest of the other treatments by 50-400 percent. It also showed a higher specific weight, protein content,  and presence of N, P, Mg and Zn in leaves. Fruit displayed some physical-biochemical qualities, as well.  As a result, this treatment promotes budding, blooming, setting, and the quality-yield of  Persian lime for winter. 

Keywords: Citrus latifolia Tan., blooming, urea production, girdling and quality. 


 

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