Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2018 Vol. 7(8): pp. 272-280
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Potential of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illuscens) as a replacement for fish/soybean meal in the diet of broilers
1Anankware P. J., 2Ayizanga R. A., 3Opoku O.,4Obeng-Ofori D.
1Department of Horticulture and Crop Production, School of Agriculture and Technology, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
2Department of Animal Science, University of Ghana, Legon – Accra, Ghana
3Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
4Catholic University College of Ghana, Fiapre, Sunyani, B/A, Ghana
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 17 August, 2018
The Ghanaian feed industry imports over 90% of its protein hence making poultry and fish feed very expensive. This makes it difficult for local farmers to compete with their foreign counterparts, thus pushing a lot of people out of jobs. This study evaluated the potential of the Black Soldier Fly (BSF) meal as a replacement for fish/soybean meal in the diets of broilers. The experiment was conducted at the poultry section of the Animal Science department of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. One hundred and eighty unsexed day old Cobb-500 broilers were grouped into 15 birds per replicate with four replicates per treatment under three treatments. Three experimental diets for both starter and finisher phases of broiler production were formulated with T0 (Fish+Soy) serving as control, T1 (BSFL+Soy) and T2 (BSFL+Fish) as the experimental diets. The crude protein of BSFL (44.82) was the highest and BSFL+Soy (20.76) recorded the lowest crude protein. The highest feed intake was recorded from BSFL+ Fish (5.72kg) and the control recorded the highest water intake (12.15 l). In terms of total weight gain and final weight, BSFL+Fish was superior (p < 0.05) to BSFL+Soy but statistically (p > 0.05) similar to the control. Conversely, there were no significant (p > 0.05) differences between feed conversion ratio (FCR) and mortality rate for all the experimental diets. There were significant (p < 0.05) differences in all carcass parameters measured except for empty intestine and abdominal fat weights. Again, (BSFL+Fish) was better (p < 0.05) than (BSFL+Soy) for heart weight and liver weight. Wings, breast and thigh weights were significantly (p < 0.05) heavier for birds fed on BSF but not for drumstick, and back weights. Birds fed with BSFL+Soy had relatively lower (p < 0.05) wings compared to those fed with BSFL+Fish. Haematological parameters were not significantly (p > 0.05) different among treatments except for white blood cell count and mean cell volume. BSFL can be used as a replacement for soybean meal and for partial replacement of fish meal to reduce cost of poultry production.
Keywords: Black Soldier Fly; Feed intake; Blood cell; Haematological parameters; Feed conversion ratio; Carcass and Crude protein.
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