Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2018 Vol. 7(8): pp. 258-267
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Production of Red Amaranth in a Vertical Farm and Evaluation of its Sustainability

Muhammad Rashed Al Mamun1, *, Sadiqur Rahman2, Shamima Shammi3

 

1 Associate Professor, Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

2 & 3 Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

*Corresponding Author's Email: rashedshahi@gmail.com

Accepted 15 August, 2018

 

Abstract

World population has grown in the past few decades and will increase considerably in the following ones, especially in urban areas. Continued population growth leads to rapid urbanization which results in a decline in arable land, ongoing global climate change, water shortages and could change our view of traditional farming to highly efficient urban farms. This project encompasses the design, construction, and evaluation of a soil based vertical farm. The vertical farm contained six plots in three vertically layers. Each layer of the vertical farm, was elevated 2 feet higher than the below layers. Red amaranth was grown on the vertical farm to investigate the growing rate and sustainability of red amaranth in vertical farm. Evaluations have been done on the yield production of red amaranth and compared with horizontal farm. Production is compared on the basis of growing time, crop weight, crop length, root zone depth etc. Statistical analysis of the yield production showed that there was significant difference in yield production between different layers, and with horizontal layers. Most quality yields were grown (number of leaves 9, plant height 15 cm, plant weight 3.5 gm) in the uppermost layer of the structure. Lowest yield production (number of leaves 7, height of plant 10cm, weight of plant 1.5gm) was observed in lower layer. The elevation of the different layers did cause a noticeable difference in growth due to variation in light exposure. It was seen that weed infestation was zero. Also, insect infestation was not noticeable. The system was capable of producing high-quality red amaranth. Moreover, the construction of this vertical farm can be done by anyone with reasonable tool experience and the right set of tools. The adaptability of the vertical farm is also expected to increase among the unemployed youth and farmers, entrepreneurs and will generate more employment.

Keywords: Urbanization, urban agriculture, vertical farming, red amaranth, sustainability.

 

 

 

 

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