Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
August 2018 Vol. 7(8): pp. 258-267
Copyright © 2018 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Production of Red Amaranth in a Vertical Farm and Evaluation of its Sustainability
Muhammad Rashed Al Mamun1, *, Sadiqur Rahman2, Shamima Shammi3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
2 & 3 Department of Farm Power and Machinery, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 15 August, 2018
World population has grown in the past few decades and will increase considerably in the following ones, especially in urban areas. Continued population growth leads to rapid urbanization which results in a decline in arable land, ongoing global climate change, water shortages and could change our view of traditional farming to highly efficient urban farms. This project encompasses the design, construction, and evaluation of a soil based vertical farm. The vertical farm contained six plots in three vertically layers. Each layer of the vertical farm, was elevated 2 feet higher than the below layers. Red amaranth was grown on the vertical farm to investigate the growing rate and sustainability of red amaranth in vertical farm. Evaluations have been done on the yield production of red amaranth and compared with horizontal farm. Production is compared on the basis of growing time, crop weight, crop length, root zone depth etc. Statistical analysis of the yield production showed that there was significant difference in yield production between different layers, and with horizontal layers. Most quality yields were grown (number of leaves 9, plant height 15 cm, plant weight 3.5 gm) in the uppermost layer of the structure. Lowest yield production (number of leaves 7, height of plant 10cm, weight of plant 1.5gm) was observed in lower layer. The elevation of the different layers did cause a noticeable difference in growth due to variation in light exposure. It was seen that weed infestation was zero. Also, insect infestation was not noticeable. The system was capable of producing high-quality red amaranth. Moreover, the construction of this vertical farm can be done by anyone with reasonable tool experience and the right set of tools. The adaptability of the vertical farm is also expected to increase among the unemployed youth and farmers, entrepreneurs and will generate more employment.
Keywords: Urbanization, urban agriculture, vertical farming, red amaranth, sustainability.
Al-Kodmany K (2018). The Vertical Farm: A review of developments and implications for the vertical city.
Banerjee C (2013). Up, up and away! The economics of vertical farming. Journal of Agricultural Studies, 2(1).
Besthorn FH (2012). Vertical farming: social work and sustainable urban agriculture in an age of global food crises, 66(2).
Bhangaonkar AB, Joshi MP, Huseni SS (2017). Exploring economical and environmental benefits of vertical farming using multi story panels. International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development.
Despommier D (2010). The Encyclopedia of Earth Trinity.
Duric A, Bogdanovic N, Petrovic V, Mihajilovic M, Bogdanović G, Sustersic V, Petrovic L, Bogdanovic A (2015). New concepts for cities that produce - food for billions (technological, economic, social, and legal aspects of vertical farming). 9th International Quality Conference.
Garg A, Balodi R (2014). Recent trends in agriculture: vertical farming and organic farming. Advances in Plants and Agriculture Research, 1(4).
Gokul AAJ, SSP (2016). Vertical farming: a novel farming technology. International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering and Research, 3(7).
Jegadeesh M, Verapandi J (2014). An innovative approach on vertical farming techniques. SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science (SSRG-IJAES), 1(1).
Bruinsma J (2003). World agriculture: towards 2015/2030. An FAO perspective.
Kalantari F, Tahir OM, Lahijani AM, Kalantari S (2017). A review of vertical farming technology: a guide for implementation of building integrated agriculture in cities. Advanced Engineering Forum, 24(C): 76-91.
Kamonpatana K, Anuntavoranich P (2013). Vertical farming concept in Thailand: important decision variables. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 2(12).
Kim T, Bae N, Lee MB, Shin C, Park J, Cho Y (2013). A study of an agricultural ontology model for an intelligent service in a vertical farm. International Journal of Smart Home, 7(4).
Melisa S (2017). Integration of vertical agriculture and farming into urban homes. 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology.
Nair AG, Chacko A, Mohan G, Francis TK (2014). Smart vertical farming using hydroponics. IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE), pp. 14-17.
Sarkar A, Majumder M (2015). Opportunities and challenges in sustainability of vertical eco-farming: a review. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies, 2(2).
Sivamani S, Kim H, Lee M, Park J, Shin C, Cho Y (2016). An ontology model for smart service in vertical farms – an OWL-s approach. International Journal of u- and e- Service, Science and Technology, 9(1): 161-170.
Smith A, Watkiss P, Tweddle G, AcKinnon A, Browne M, Hunt A, Treleven C, Nash C, Cross S (2005). The validity of food miles as an indicator of sustainable development. AEA Technology.
Specht K, Siebert R, Hartmann I, Freisinger UB, Sawicka M, Werner A, Thomaier S, Henckel D, Walk H, Dierich A (2013). Urban agriculture of the future: an overview of sustainability aspects of food production in and on buildings.
Urrestarazu LP, Canero RF, Salas AF, Egea G (2016). Vertical greening systems and sustainable cities. Journal of Urban Technology.
- Muhammad Rashed Al Mamun on Google Scholar
- Muhammad Rashed Al Mamun on Pubmed
- Sadiqur Rahman on Google Scholar
- Sadiqur Rahman on Pubmed
- Shamima Shammi on Google Scholar
- Shamima Shammi on Pubmed