Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
September 2014 Vol. 3(9): pp. 284-288
Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Influence of crop residues and nitrogen levels on agronomic performance of irrigated common bean

Orivaldo Arf 1, Matheus Gustavo da Silva2, Salatiér Buzetti¹, Marco Eustáquio de Sá1, Paulo Eduardo Teodoro2*

 

¹ 2Department of Plant Science, State University Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”, Unit of Ilha Solteira, Ilha Solteira, São Paulo, Brazil.

2Department of Plant Science, State University of Mato Grosso do Sul, University Unit of Aquidauana, Aquidauana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

*Corresponding Author’s Email: samir1969us@yahoo.com;

Tel: +20-3-584-7175; Fax: +20-3-592-0067.

Accepted 31 August, 2014

 

Abstract

Nitrogen fertilization in common bean under no-tillage grown after green manures provides different response patterns. Thus, the study aimed to evaluate the effect of N doses on coverage and the use of different vegetation covers on the development and yield of irrigated common bean, grown in no-tillage. The work was conducted during the years 2001 and 2002, in an area located in the city of Selvíria-MS, Brazil. The experimental design was randomized blocks in factorial arrangement (7 x 6) with four replications. The first factor it was composed of seven soil cover managements (Pennisetum glaucumSorghum bicolorZea mays,Cajanus cajanCrotalaria spectabilisMucuna aterrima and a fallow area), while the second factor consisted of five N top-dressing doses (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 and 125 kg ha-1). It were mensured the variables: foliar N content, dry matter of plants and yield components (number of pods plant-1, number of grains plant-1, number of grains pod-1 and mass of hundred grains) at five plants each plot; final population of plants and grain yield. Nitrogen top-dressing doses on irrigated common bean influenced only variable dry matter of plants, while the different soil covers does not influence any agronomic characteristic this culture.

Keywords: green manures, soil cover, top-dressing, Phaseolus vulgaris L.

 

 

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