Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
September 2016 Vol. 5(9): pp. 354-360
Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Phenotypic studies on Wheat and Barley after colonization with mycorrhiza symbiosis Fungi
Amal Ahmed Mohammed Al-Ghamdi
Department of Botany, Environment Program, Faculty of Biological Sciences, King Abdul Aziz University, P.O. Box 35009, Jeddah 21488, Saudi Arabia.
Accepted 12 September, 2016
Symbiotic associations between endomycorrhiza and crops can provide several benefits to the host crops. An investigation was conducted to assess the impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation on seed germination, overall growth (growth rate and percentage) and the general morphology of barley and wheat plants. The experiment demonstrated that the height was significantly higher in barley plants grown in soil inoculated with AMF (45.0±1.6 cm versus 30.8±0.9 cm for those grown in non-inoculated soil; p=0.014). Similarly, stem and root length were significantly higher in barley plants grown in AMF-inoculated soil (p=0.009 and 0.04, respectively). Further, dry shoots of plants grown in AMF-inoculated soil weighed significantly more than those grown in non-inoculated soil (1.020±0.015 g versus 0.353±0.015 g for plants grown in non-inoculated soil; p=0.002). The dry shoots and dry roots of barley plants grown in AMF-inoculated soil weighed significantly more than those of plants grown in non-inoculated soil (p=0.0006 and 0.009, respectively). Both the growth rate and percentage were increased in AMF-inoculated wheat plants. A similar increase in growth rate was observed in barley plants inoculated with AMF (P<0.005). Overall, inoculation with AMF was beneficial in increasing plant growth parameters and plant biomass.
Keywords: wheat, Barley arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, root, shoot.