Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science (GARJAS) ISSN: 2315-5094
September 2019 Vol. 8(8): pp. 256-264
Copyright © 2019 Global Advanced Research Journals
Climate Changes and Its Impacts on Agricultural production and water resources in Egypt
1Badawi A.Tantawi and 2Shimaa A. Badawy
1Agricultural Research Center. Giza, Egypt,
2Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University- Egypt,
*Corresponding Author's Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted 29 August, 2019
The implications of climate change on the direction and magnitude of future rainfall change in the Nile Basin are largely seen uncertain. However, the implications of higher temperatures on the agricultural water use in Egypt could be serious, as losses are likely to increase from the Nile and the extensive system of irrigation canals, and possibly from crop water use. Various vulnerability assessment studies of the implication of climate change on the Northern Delta cities—which are highly vulnerable to sea level rise, salt-water intrusion, soil salinization problems, and marine pollution—predict enormous socio-economic losses, if no action is taken. Moreover, the Northern coastal zone shall be exposed to serious impacts affecting its water and agricultural resources due to increased frequencies and severity of dust storms, and loss of biodiversity. Sea level rise would destroy the weak parts of the sand belt, which is essential for the protection of lagoons and the low-lying reclaimed lands in the Nile Delta. Besides its serious impact on vast areas of valuable agricultural land which shall be inundated, sea level rise would severely change the water quality and hence the lagoons production of fresh water fish. To adapt with those serious impacts, it is significant to maintain the balance between productivity and environmental protection and integrated crop and land management strategies to sustain the agricultural production and food security. Importantly, there is an imperative need for adopting multi-disciplinary and long-term research to investigate irrigation with marginal water to sustain long-term agricultural productivity.
Keywords: NSAS Nubian Sandston, WUA Water User Association, IYR International Year of Rice, RICM Rice Integrated Crop Management, TMY Theoretical Maximum Yield, ET Evapo Transpiration, SLR Sea Level Rise.
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