Global Advanced Research Journal of Educational Research and Reviews (GARJERR) ISSN: 2315-5132

February 2014, 3(1): pp. 012-021

Copyright © 2014 Global Advanced Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

Developing Instruments to Assess Role Strain in Nursing Students

1 Jih-Yuan Chen, 2Ching-Chi Huang and 3 Yea-Ying Liu

1 Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University

2Instructor, Department of Nursing, Mackay Medicine, Nursing and Management College

3 Instructor, School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University

Corresponding author Email:

Accepted 20 February, 2014


Aims: This study aims to develop an assessment test to gauge the threats and expectations related to role strain in nursing students. Background: Nursing students develop role strain during clinical practicum as a result of learning motivations, instructional environments, and guidance methods. Currently, there is a lack of available instruments to assess role strain in nursing students, and little research has been conducted upon the subject. Methods: Three steps were involved in the design of the assessment test: First, deciding what to measure (question development). Second, deciding how to measure (selection of test format, verification of measurement dimensions and attributes followed by correlation definition). Third, presenting the results (item analysis and reliability/validity analysis). Results: Factor analysis revealed that threat events in role strain constitute the reality role dimension, inducing uncertainty, stress, tension, exhaustion, and conflict; while expectation events make up the ideal role dimension, including idealization, confidence, competition, status, and performance; these overall reliability was .95 and .93, respectively; reliability of subscales was .76 ~ .89 and .76 ~ .90, respectively, and the correlation between each item and the total score was .33 ~ .80 and .50 ~ .73, respectively. Conclusions/Implications for Practice: Exploratory factor analysis of assessment results revealed that the developed instrument presented good reliability and validity; however, the limited sample size prevents it from being subjected to confirmatory factor analysis to examine goodness of fit of the underlying theoretical models for the construct dimensions. Therefore, we opted to examine goodness of fit indicators using Bayesian estimation.

Keywords: nursing students, role strain, the reality role, the ideal role, factor analysis.



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