Global Advanced Research Journal of Educational Research and Reviews (GARJERR) ISSN: 2315-5132

April 2016, 5(4): pp. 055-062

Copyright © 2016 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

Full Length Research Paper

Age at menarche in Portuguese adolescents - A cross-sectional study with HBSC Portuguese survey

Marta Reis,1,2* Lúcia Ramiro,1,2 Emmanuelle Godeau, 3,4 Margarida Gaspar de Matos,1,2,5 & Aventura Social1

 

(1)           Aventura Social - Faculdade de Motricidade Humana / Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal.

(2)           ISAMB / Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal

(3)           UMR1027 INSERM – Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France

(4)           Service médical du rectorat de l’académie de Toulouse, France

(5)           WJCR / ISPA – Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Lisboa, Portugal

Corresponding Author Email: reispsmarta@gmail.com

Accepted 19 April, 2016

Abstract

Early and delayed menarche and early and delayed puberty raise a number of issues for the health and well-being of girls and women. To examine multiple factors associated with early and delayed menarche in a large national representative sample of Portuguese school girls, using the national Portuguese data from the HSBC study. Study provides national representative data of 5050 Portuguese adolescents. This study used a subset of girls, whose mean age was 14.0 years old. Overall, results showed the majority of the girls reported having had menarche between 12 and 13 years old. Having had sexual intercourse, getting involved in fights, sleeping more than eight hours a day, self-reporting overweight or obesity and being on a weight loss diet were significantly and independently associated with early menarche. As for delayed menarche, it was associated with smoking, having had more than two episodes of drunkenness and having had school results below the average. Results are in line with a growing literature that suggests that girls who experience early or delayed menarche are more likely to engage in risk behaviours such as early sexual initiation or alcohol abuse. These results highlight the need to raise awareness and consequently prevention.

Keywords: Early menarche, delayed menarche, associated factors, adolescents, sexuality 

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